Essay Questions.docx

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course
KINE 1000
Professor
1. How are power and privilege crucially important to health? Explain with reference to ideas
and issues from relevant course readings and lectures.
Class, race and gender place limits on the amount of agency we have in taking care of our health.
Class:
Economic Standing/ Socioeconomic status
Enrolling in physical activity programs is difficult due to shortage of money… that
money would rather be spent on other priorities such as food, rent, clothes etc. Even
though governments offer aid such as tax returns for children’s sport but some don’t have
ability to put aside that much money because they need it for other places immediately
Lack time for physical activity because time is usually spent at work trying to make
money to live.
Unhealthy is cheaper. Those with insufficient money rely on fast foods and unhealthy
food because of its convenience (fills you up, cheap, convenient)
Location/ Environment
Grocery stores moved with the rich to the suburbs leaving the central/ downtown area as
a food desert. Less access to grocery stores. Without car they can only travel so far with
heavy groceries on the bus therefore rely on convenience stores
If you live in an area with more “green space” you are more likely to engage in physical
activity
Some neighbourhoods promote physical activity more
Access to gym, is it close by?
Race:
First Nations
Generally have lower health status
Those living off reserves have higher socioeconomic status as compared to registered
Indians living on reserves
On reserves they have less access to doctors
New Comers
Generally have lower health status
Some cultures do not encourage sport
New to Canada are uncomfortable, not informed about the resources that they have
No volunteers to welcome new comers and show them around
Lack of culture sensitivity in sport and coaching
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Students with parents born in Canada are more likely to participate in school based
extracurricular sports activities
Gender:
Even in First Nations, higher proportion of men report being healthy as compared to
women
White men have privilege, easier access to facilities and are comfortable with the
environment
Not a culture for women
Healthification area- women do not usually use those facilities
Some cultures do not promote women participating in sport
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2. Discuss Patricia Hill Collins’ claim that university campuses are modern slave plantations.
Collins uses the example of the pre-Civil War American slave plantation. Her idea is that each
person’s role and position in the slave plantation institution contributes to everyone else’s
domination by and subordination to this institution and the ideology (patriarchy) it promotes and
perpetuates. Hence, the overall oppression in this institution cuts across racial, gender, and social
class lines. This way of thinking about the slave plantation avoids the old additive analysis way
of thinking.
Racial:
Top positions in university are often held by elite whites…hold the power
Care taking services are usually done by people of color
Coloured students are often the ones doing part-time jobs on campus to pay for expensive
international students fees…less privilege
Gender:
Men hold more positions of power than woman…Deans, Faculty Heads
Some women have come to hold power, but very few…most are at lower levels than men
Social:
Institutional and symbolic oppression divide and confine people to groups. Our families,
friends, and contacts tend to be from our social “group” – the way they are, their beliefs,
their hopes and dreams tend to be the same as ours. Hence our sense of what life is all
about, our role in life, and what we expect to get out of life tend to be defined by our
group. So we know little and/or care little about “other” groups of people and their lives.
In this way, people in “different” social groups contribute to the continued oppression of
their own and other groups, because few challenge the way things are (the status quo).
Students tend to make friends with those who are like them
To eliminate this slave plantations:
Overcome differences in power and privilege that prevent dialogue among different
groups of people (Course Reader) by:
Empathize with individuals and groups different from ourselves (Course Reader)
Band together around common causes (Course Reader)
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Document Summary

Explain with reference to ideas and issues from relevant course readings and lectures. Class, race and gender place limits on the amount of agency we have in taking care of our health. Enrolling in physical activity programs is difficult due to shortage of money that money would rather be spent on other priorities such as food, rent, clothes etc. Even though governments offer aid such as tax returns for children"s sport but some don"t have ability to put aside that much money because they need it for other places immediately. Lack time for physical activity because time is usually spent at work trying to make money to live. Those with insufficient money rely on fast foods and unhealthy food because of its convenience (fills you up, cheap, convenient) Grocery stores moved with the rich to the suburbs leaving the central/ downtown area as a food desert.

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