KINE 1020- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 24 pages long!)

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Course
Professor
York
KINE 1020
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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September 12, 2016
Kinesiology (1020)
Brief History
Hippocrates (460-370 B.C.)
o Till this day we are unaware of the optimal amount of nourishment and exercise for
ideal health
Aristotle (The Father of Kinesiology- 350 B.C.)
o Main point made was that ‘A’ being the cause of ‘B’ or vice versa
o Ex. Walking to be healthy or your healthy and you walk
Edward Stanley (1873)
o People think that there is no time for exercise and will soon realise that they will waste
time on the illness that will occur
Lifestyle Factors in Health
Relationships between Lifestyle and Health Behaviours
o People who smoke are less likely to engage in leisure time physical activity
People who increase physical activity do not generally stop smoking except in
highly trained individuals
o More active individuals also exhibit better nutritional practices
o No consistent relationship between physical activity and alcohol consumption
Relationship between physical activity involvement and positive health and safety practices is
inconclusive
A Brief History of ‘Firsts’
1737- Luigi Galvani discovers electricity stimulates contraction
1847- Carl Ludwig measures human blood pressure
1887- Augustus De’sire Waller records the electrical activity of the human heart (EKG)
1920- Archibald V. Hill describes maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max)
1957- A.F Huxley theorizes about muscle cross-bridges in contractions
What is Physical Fitness?
Body Composition
Musculoskeletal Fitness
Cardiovascular Fitness
Definitions
Physical Fitness
o The capacity to live an optimal life
o A functional quality of well-being that is influenced by and associated with
participation in physical activity
o The ability to perform muscular work satisfactorily. It is determined by the level of
several attributes which are influenced by activity such as cardiovascular-respiratory
endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition
Health Related Fitness
o Those components of fitness that allow you to do activities of daily living
Ex. walking your dog, having normal body weight, etc.
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September 12, 2016
Performance Related Fitness
o Those components of fitness that enable optimal work or sport performance
Ex. carry a hose up a flight of stairs, doing cartwheels on a balance beam, etc.
What is Health?
Unhealthy
o Disease or death
Healthy
o Absence of Diseases and/or Symptoms
Rehabilitation: Physicians (Treat diseases)
Prevention: Fitness Professionals (Enhance fitness)
Fit
o Optimum Wellness
The health care in Canada focuses more on the problem rather than how to prevent that problem
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