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KINE 4520- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 126 pages long!)


Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course Code
KINE 4520
Professor
Joseph Baker
Study Guide
Final

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York
KINE 4520
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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KINE 4520
Lecture 1
Relationship btw arousal and athletic performance
inverted u theory: relationship btw performance and phys arousal is
curvilinear as opposed to linear and takes the form of an inverted u
- amount of arousal researchers can induce limited in testing the theory
with humans.
- Yerkes and Dodson using dancing mice as subjects. Discover relp btw
arousal and task difficulty in their effect on performance. Performance
was measured as the number of trials needed for the mice to select the
bright of two compartments. Arousal consisted of high, medium, low
intensities of electrical shock. Task difficulty was manipulated in terms
of the diff in brightness btw two compartments. The amount of practice
needed to learn the discrimination task increased as the diff in
brightness btw the two compartments diminished.
- Yerkes-dodson law: easily req habit which does not demand difficult
sense discrimination or complex assoc may be formed under strong
stimulation whereas a difficult habit may be acquired readily under
relatively weak stimulation.
- The optimal level of electrical shock (arousal) was much lower than that
needed for an easy task.
- There is an optimal level of arousal indicated for each task, where
performance drops off before and after that point
- As the complexity of a skill increases, the amount of arousal needed for
optimal performance decreases
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- High level arousal necessary for best performance in gross motor
activities such as weight lifting
- Low level arousal necessary for best performance in fine motor task
such as golf
- The optimal level for a beginner should be lower than optimal level for
an expert
- Thus why highly skilled athletes perform better in comp than novices
- Klavora and sonstroem and bernardo: basketball performance occurring
at moderate levels of arousal and poorest performance at high or low
levels
- Other studies supported the same in pistol shooting and swimming.
Respectively, related to somatic anxiety consistent with inverted u
- Under conditions of optimal arousal, children perform smooth and auto
movement patterns. Under high arousal, movement pattersn come
under volitional control and less smooth
- Also apparent in nonathletic situations such as reaction time, auditory
tracking and hand steadiness
Fazey and hardy’s catastrophe theory
- concept: if cognitive anxiety is high, increase in phys arousal can result in
a sudden and large decrement in athletic performance.
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