Food Deserts: LARSEN AND GILLILAND READING (review)

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Department
Kinesiology & Health Science
Course
KINE 1000
Professor
Hernan Humana
Semester
Winter

Description
Winter term tutorial discussion slides Reading: Larsen and Gilliland – Food Deserts Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • What is a retail supermarket? Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts Answer: A retail supermarket is a general store with a large selling area that offers a greater selection of food and household items than a local convenience store, usually at cheaper prices than items at local convenience stores, and usually with a parking lot. Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • When were retail supermarkets invented? Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts Answer: In the 1930s following the introduction of „chaining‟, which “…allowed retailers to lower operating costs, increase profits and use sophisticated location analysis to provide the most rational spatial arrangement of stores for maximal profits.” Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • What do the authors mean by an “urban food desert?” Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts Answer: Urban food deserts are “…disadvantaged areas of cities with relatively poor access to health and affordable food” (Course Reader). “The location of supermarkets has always been within close proximity to customers with money, while older neighbourhoods have filtered to lower socioeconomic status, the suburbs have typically become more affluent areas, as wealthy residents left the city in favour of suburban living, the supermarkets followed.” Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • Why do the authors think that easy access to a supermarket in one’s neighbourhood is important? Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts Answer: Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables together with lower consumption of sugars and bad fats is important to a healthy diet that decreases the risk of chronic diseases. Fruits and vegetables at the lowest prices are found mainly in supermarkets, not in local convenience stores. Therefore, easy access to a supermarket can be important to one‟s health, longevity and overall quality of life. Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • What is the authors’ research project? Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts Answer: To answer three research questions about the City of London, Ontario: • “Do systematic spatial inequalities in access to supermarkets exist?” • “Have spatial inequalities in access to supermarkets increased or decreased over time?” • “Do systematic socioeconomic inequalities in access to supermarkets exist?” Larsen and Gilliland: Food Deserts • How do the au
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