Kine 1000 Notes- Fall Semester

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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1000
Hernan Humana

Kine 1000 - Sept.16/13 Things are the way it are – Women in Olympics, they are put down - Women’s power in society was from the history, man from the past has put women are inferior in intelligence, power, and sporting - Antonio Gramsci – wrote about power as ideological ideas that make people o Explained it as a common sensical leadership, to whose without power would not question or try to go against other with power (Poor wouldn’t go against the rich) o Lower power wouldn’t try to overthrow the powerful ones o Titanic – people in the lower decks were locked and ended up dying the people in the upper decks are the upper class(richies) had easier access to safety (Hegemony) - Micheal Focuault o Power is never total o In all societies there is resistance o During Hitler and Stalin times, people went against them, but ended up dying for their resistance o Power is everywhere, because it comes from everywhere Sept.18/13 Satirical Humour – Progressive or Regressive - Change - Its easy to talk about change - Change begins with you and around you Additive analyses of oppression - Dichotomous thinking – tendency to see only extreme good/bad – black/white – feminine/masculine - Based upon two assumptions o Dichotomous thinking o Ranking of this dichotomous thinking( one group is always dominant over another) Dimensions of Gender Oppression - 1. Institutional Dimension of Oppression - 2. The Symbolic - 3. The individual o 1. Institutional dimensions - schools, businesses, hospitals, workplaces and gov’n agencies) often claim narrative equality of opportunities. However in reality some groups have benefited more than others o 2. Feminine- Passive , follower , emotional, weak, physical o 2. Masculine – Aggressive, Leader, Rational, Strong, Intellectual o 3. Individual Dimensions – The creations of our normalcy is rooted in our personal experiences. What we consider “normal” has it foundation in our personal interaction Sept.23/13 Barbie girls vs sea monsters - Active process of learning and social development as we interact with others - Interactive process though which we actively connect with others, we make decisions that shapes our lives and society around us. - We learn to get in contact with others - The importance of those experience will be given by those interaction (Team work and communication) - Everyone is different, others who choose not to play sports will be different better at socialization opportunities in other pursuits (chess, painting, music, poetry, debate team, etc) Sports and socialization - Sports are sites for socialization experience - Different sports involve different experience and therefore consequences. - For instance power and performance vs pleasure and participation sports Gender, Structure, and Culture 1. How children “do gender” when they interact or perform. ( boys vs girls in sports) 2. How the structured gender regime constrains and enables the actions of children and parents 3. How popular cultural provides images to be used by children and parents to magnify differences. - The value of what is said (they are SO different) and the value of what is ignore (look at them! They are so similar) - The instances in which they do similar things by far - Girls and boy aren’t accepted to play sports together (CO-ED) Hegemony at play - There is usually one gender more dominant over another - Girls and guys are separated on a hierarchical ordering of gender - Men are more head coaches and assistant coaches, where team managers are womens - Messner clarifies that without a multiple level of analysis, the “reading” of his story could not be fully understood. - How do social agents do gender (Interactionist) - How do the institution(s) foster or disrupt certain behaviors (Structural) - How the meanings of certain cultural symbols impact us - reproduce, disrupt, or contest (Cultural) Sept.25/13 Review Critical Thinking - Who/What benefits and how? - How is my privileged connected to oppression - How does power and privilege manifest in our interactions, social structures and culture? - How can we imagine otherwise? Social determinants of health - Definition: o “… The economic and social condition that shape the health of individuals communities and jurisdictions as a whole.” o “ … other primary determinants of whether individuals stay healthy or become ill” Social Determinants - Narrow – the person is getting involved in physical activity. - Broad – Social Class - Definition : Categories of people who share a position in society that is based on combination of their o Income o Wealth o Social connections/network o Education o Occupation - Socioeconomic status - Class Social Stratification - Layers as determined by o Contribution to economic production o Command over resource o Lifestyle and life chances Social Class and our Bodies - Class is corporeal o Definition – Social class and our Bodoes - Social world = array of field - Habitus a set of : o Dispositions o Orientations o Preferences o Habits - Capital o Economic ($$$$) o Social (Resources… who you know) o Symbolic ( o Cultural Sept.30/13 Capital and Sports /PA - Economic captital = sport/PA opportunities - Cultural capital = comfort in more/PA environments - Social capital = Networks to access sport/ PA OR opportuinities through sport/ PA to access social networks o When you have more money while in Economic, you have more acesss to sporting and gyms and stuff (YMCA, GoodLife) o Cultural – where when you have access to gym and etc, you know how some machines work compared to others o Social when you know people and have someone who can help you - - 2005 General Social Survey o Household income of less than $40 000: ____ of children were active in sport o Household income of over $80 000: ____ of children were active in sport o Parents not involved in sports - ____ of children participated in sports o Parents involved in sports – ____of children participated in sport Bourdieu, Sport and Social Class 1. There is a relationship between social class and bodies, like what people like to do and think about themselves Upper Class:
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