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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1020
Kuk/ Riddell

Belcastro Cardiovascular Disease CVDCVD is a term used for diseases affecting the circulatory system including the heart and blood vessels Whether the blood vessels are affecting the lungs brain kidney or other organs this is still a CVDThe most costly disease in 2000 was musculoskeletal diseases then cardiovascular diseases then neuropsychiatric conditions CVD has a cost of 76 billion for direct cost physicians drugs and 141 billion for indirect cost disability mortality Neuropsychiatric conditions had the most costly direct cost diagnostic costEven though the amount of death from CVD has decreased over time still there is a huge amount of death CVD constitutes of 27 of the leading causes to death including heart disease and stroke However the1 leading cause to death is cancer and it is 296 There is a variation with CV death between Canadian provinces This mostly depends on the laziness of the people in the province Also there is a variation of CVD death with age and sex More men die from CV until the age of 85 and then more women die from CVD than men This difference is because there are more women by the age of 85 than men to die Also because of the introduction of lipid lowering medication which works better for menDue to the good health standards in Canada the Canadian life expectancy at age 65 is higher than their life expectancy at birth Keeping in mind that even though both sexes has increased life expectancy females still live longer ECG measures theelectric activity necessary to get thecardiac muscles to contractMeasures heart effectiveness by theamount of heart proteins in bloodthe more proteins in blood the worse In the red part there is more oxygen then CO2 and in the blue is the opposite Note where the left andright atriums arewhere the right and left ventricles are Remember arteriesaorta move blood away from the heart while veins andvena cava move bloodto the heart Two ways to measure oxygen consumption 1 External respirationmeasure O2 consumption at lungs 2 Internal respiration measure O2 consumption at organ
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