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KINE 1020 Lecture Notes ALL

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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 1020
Jennifer Kuk

Lecture Notes Introduction to Fitness and Health Hippocrates: health = the right amount of nourishment and exercise Aristotle: cross section better health from walking or being healthy makes you walk?7 Lifestyle and health: Smokers arent usually physically active nor will the stop smoking to become so More active people have better nutritional practices No relationship between PA and drinking alcohol Unknown relationship between PA and positive healthsafety practices Stanley: no time for exercise = time to get sick Health continuum: Unhealthy = diseasedeath o Rehab to treat diseases and make you healthy Healthy = absence of diseasesymptoms (false just because you dont show symptoms does not mean youre healthy, with a negative lifestyle, you may soon) o Prevention to enhance fitness Fit = optimum wellness Health care spending is going up 160.1 billion in 2007 (3.2 increase from the previous year) Because population is getting older and sicker We spend the fourth most on health care in the world (U.S. = 1st) Only 6 goes to public health (prevention) o The rest (94) goes to helping people that are already sick (treatment) o Are trying to put more money into prevention but not enough (<0.2) Ex: disease prevention programs More real PE teachers in elementary schools, ParticipACTION (abandoned 1970s Schwarzenegger workout mentality for something everyone could do) With more awareness, people are getting more active... just not by enough About 42 in 2000 Health Care Systems World Health Organizations definition of health: a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of diseaseinfirmity (is a human right) Health is determined by (which most Canadians do not have healthy access to): Behaviour (exercise, diet) Genetics Communitysociety Environment Lalonde framework (1974): determinants of health = human biology, health care organizations, environment, lifestyle Todays determinants of health: Quality of life Healthy environments Strong public health capacity
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