Coaching Part C.docx

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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 2475
Dave Chambers

5/26/2013 12:06:00 PM  Part C: Team Management  Building an Effective Program  Must develop a program that people want to participate in  Steps: o Planning  Setting overall objectives  Setting specific goals  Identifying a course of action  Developing standards to evaluate  Developing a process to evaluate o Organizing  Short, intermediate, long-term  What, how, who  Day to day decisions on how objectives are achieved  Determine criteria for established objectives  Establish relationships; activities and who performs them  Clear division of labour  Hierarchy of authority  Effective supervision; feedback  Guidelines for behaviour  Rules, policies, procedures  Impersonal: firm but fair  *try to reduce conflict by having expectations, rules o Staffing  Selection of assistant coaches  Selection of athletes  How you select people is more important than how you manage them. Start with the right people  Selection of staff (Woody Hayes):  Character  Personality traits and work habits  Technical competence  Bill Walsh:  Knowledge  Implement a program to develop skills  Communicate  Express oneself – teacher  Committed, enthusiastic, inquisitive  Chemistry – operate in obscurity  Leaders vs Managers  Leadership theories:  Trait: born with it  Not as widely used anymore  Leadership: based on Behaviour; structure and roles are defined, respect for feeling & ideas  Contingency: more complex than other theories; leader’s style x individual x situation  Leaders are either task or relationship motivated  Important to be in the right situation and working with athletes with same goals  Path goal: emphasis on need of goals of the athletes and the leader helps them achieve the goals  Life cycle: emphasis also on athletes/subordinates  Both path goal and life cycle put the coach as the facilitator  Can work well with mature athletes o Leading  Leadership styles:  Conflict manager  Leaders provide direction, set goals, and have a vision for the future  Leaders build psychological and social environment that is important to achieving team goals  Leaders motivate members of the group to pursue goals  Leaders confront members when problems arise they resolve conflict  Leaders communicate o Controlling  Measure performance of individuals and the group as a whole  Compare with standards and objective  Have follow up measurements to mark progress  Correct significant deviations  Evaluations  Observing  Questionnaires o Resources  Budget  Facilities  First class if possible  Raise funds  Ability to employ excellent coaches and assistant coaches and other staff are the most important aspect of building a sport organization  Build a tradition: the reason most people don’t recognize opportunity is because it comes disguised as hard work  The person who admits they have a lot to learn has already learned a lot  Talent Identification  Skill o Heredity o Trainable o Physical attributes o Testing (skill testing, physiological testing)  Character o Observe o Background research o Assessment (AMI, TAIS, CATELL, 16PF MMI, Sort Profile)  Opportunity o Selection o Facilities o Coaching o Climate (some countries are more appropriate for certain sports)  Assessing potential  Morphology o Height & weight o % body fat o somatoype o estimation of height o proportionality of body segments o location of enter of gravity relative to the ground  Physiological potential o aerobic endurance and maximal aerobic power o anaerobic power and capacity o speed of movement and reaction time o strength – static and dynamic o flexibility  Cognitive Potential o Level of motor development o Ability to learn and remember o Creativity o Ability to observe and analyze in sport situtations o Decision making abilities  Psychological Potential o Motivation to compete o Motivation to train o Concentration and focusing ability o Psychological stability o Control of stress and emotion  Performance o Ability x attitude x opportunity o Talent x effort x work environment o Talent is inherited and is trainable o The Effort Grid o Effort on top and Talent on the side; you want athletes to be “Golden Eagles” (good for both traits) o “Talent Trap/Floater” is talented but no effort o “Effort Eagles/Grinder” good effort, poor talent o “Miracle Trap” poor talent, poor effort o Creating A Self-Managed Athlete  Step 1: Select activity/behavior; establish a minimum standard “Admission Ticket”  Developing successful habits  Work ethic  Motivation  Mental preparation  Physical preparation  Living habits  Step 2: learn to reinforce effort and result; pr
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