Introduction: Nature of coaching, NCCP, Reason for coaching, Reasons why athletes participate, Coaching styles,
and respect factor.
Nature of Coaching: Coaches are seen as mentors, guardians and role models for some of their athletes.
What is a coach: A coach is a politician, judge, public speaker, teacher, trainer, laborer and captain. More or less,
the coach can be anyone who is willing to give up time/energy/money/life/and health for the sport they decide to
coach in. A good coach is respected by the community. Coaches receive the satisfaction to see other athletes
develop. Philosophy is needed by a coach to become successful. “Science gives us knowledge, philosophy gives us
Coaching is about: Philosophy, practice/training, selection/recruitment, physical conditioning-periodization,
marketing the program, strategy/tactics, communicating with athletes, psychological preparation, handling problems,
decision making, and handling stress.
National Coaching Certificate Program: There are 2 parts, the Competency Based Education and training
(Theory) and the physical training.
Philosophical Point of View: It provides experience, opportunity for each player to achieve full potential, uses
sport as a personal developmental tool (Site for improvement)
CBET Streams: Community sport stream/Volunteering (One level), Competition Stream (three levels, Example:
volunteer/high school/professional), Instructional Stream/Individual Sports (Three Levels, Example: Golf)
Competition Stream Module: Part A: Making ethical decisions, nutrition, and practice planning. Part B: Design
program, mental skills, teaching and learning.
Important Dates: 1971: Canada’s bid to host the 1976 Olympics was accepted, and the development of sport
through federal government agencies began. 1972: Canada/Russia summit series, Lloyd Percival’s work was
recognized. 1974: The first formal courses for the NCCP were offered. 1976: “Foreign Trained” coaches were used
Examples of Sport Agencies: Sport Canada, Canadian Olympic committee, coaching association of Canada,
coaching association of Ontario, Coaches of Canada.
Reasons to coach: Motivation of the coach is important because it illuminates how and what you do when you
coach, and being able to understand the goals of the athletes.
Why Athletes Participate: Excellence: Some athletes participate to be competent and master the skill in the desired
sport. Affiliation: To form friendships with others, to be accepted and appreciated. Sensation: To experience
excitement in sports and the thrill with playing it. Success: To receive recognition for their hard work.
Approach to coaching: Self: Want personal recognition (want to be seen as successful, motivated by reputation,
and seen as “visible” in the community) Task: Want to achieve team goals and emphasize effective skills. Social:
Wants the athletes to have fun and learn to play (wants the athletes to have fun, cares about friendship, someone
who enjoys the experience as a coach) Overall GOAL: To get players to appreciate friendship.
Vince Lombardi: To be successful players must know their role on the team. Understand that “we” is greater than
“me”, the importance of the name on the front of the jersey is more important than the one on the back.
Pat Riley: There are 7 ways a selfish player impacts the team: Selfish athlete doesn’t know how to deal with success,
feelings of under appreciation, paranoia over being cheated out of one’s rightful share (I should be playing not
him), resentful against other players (negative because others are successful and the athlete isn’t), personal goal is
to now overachieve his own teammates, formation of a clique, feelings of frustration when the team is successful.
Tips for Achievement Motivated Athletes: Set goals, recognize improvement, meet with athletes, and keep
records of the player’s progress.
Tips for affiliation Motivated Athletes: Use partner drills, have team talks at practice, organize team socials,
encourage athletes to help others, remind the athletes of their value/place in the sport. Tips for Self Directed Athletes: These are the leaders, give them leadership roles, and involve them in help set
team and individual goals.
Coaching Style Tutko: Hard Nosed Coach (Most are football coaches, uses threat tactics, “my way or the
highway”, sets punishments, only disadvantage is with sensitive athletes) Nice Guy (Wants to be liked, involves the
athletes input, good team spirit, disadvantage is that they are seen as weak) Intense/Driven (Takes everything
personally, yells/shouts during games, too demanding) Easy Going (Opposite of intense/driven coach, seen as lazy
because of the lack of effort put in by the coach) Business Like (Highly prepared, organized, respected, and
disadvantage is that the coach doesn’t care, and is too technical)
Martens Coaching Style: Command (Experienced, right way, little or no input of the athletes), Submissive
(Laissez-faire, Coach makes few decisions, gives the athletes an opportunity to decide, and is the facilitator), Co-
Operative (Coach acts as a leader, guides athletes in developing goals). Directive (Task and Performance oriented,
uses reward and punishment) Supportive (Encourages athletes to opening up and talking about feelings, coach is
optimistic) Participative (Shares responsibility with athletes in reference to success/failure)
*Important factor for Coaching: Communication: Speak to athletes, meet with the athletes to talk with them, give
feedback on how they are performing, be honest/tactful, be positive, be a good listener, be clear/direct during
practice, use facial expressions, manage confrontations, get feedback from players.
Respect factors: Previous playing, experience & success, previous coaching experience & success, good
appearance (need to look fit), good living habits (can’t smoke or drink in front of athletes), good work habits (put in
the hours), well organized, good communication skills, always has time for athletes, knowledge (know what you are
talking about), teaching ability (how you teach), highly motivated (show feelings during game & practice),
positive/upbeat/optimistic attitude, good bench coach (The bench coach must make quick adjustments based on the
game), sense of humour (makes the environment loose/relaxed), good leadership skills, self-controlled (can control
self), has the desire to improve (wants to improve the team and athletes), honest/fair (coach should not show
favoritism), open to suggestions (lets others speak up) and has an interest in the players.
Time Management: Causes of poor Time Management: Rely on mythical time (think you have more time than
you actually have), underestimate the demand n time (how long the task will take), task creeping, task hopping
(change tasks frequently), and ignore reality.
Time Management rules for Coaching: Set realistic goals, prioritize goals, identify priorities, set and keep
deadlines, have a frequent plan (weekly, monthly, and yearly plan) take your time, set time aside to communicate
with athletes, set time aside to deal with administrators, set up a monthly calendar for everyone on the team (players,
trainers, doctors, physicians), don’t waste time on the phone, and be organized.
Stress management: Listen to criticism of parents or other coaches (Don’t let it get to you), Address a problem
quickly before it gets worse,, do not panic and blow circumstances out of proportion, plan fun days with the team to
relax (stress reliever), laugh and don’t take your career too serious, join in relaxation sessions (self-talk,
visualization), set time aside for yourself, and have a workout routine.
Burnout: Burnout is progressive loss of energy, feeling of being stuck in a routine that is now stressful. Symptoms:
Depression, lack of accomplishment, isolation of athletes, emotional exhaustion. Prevention: Take action and be
positive, cut back on contact hours, talk to other coaches about problems, learn regulation skills, take a break and