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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3020
Merv Mosher

First Name: ________________________ Surname:________________________________ (Print neatly) (Print neatly) Student Number: ______________________ KINESIOLOGY AND HEALTH SCIENCE KINE 3020 3.0 Skilled Performance and Motor Learning Quiz #2 November 30th, 2011 - This exam is worth 20% of the total course mark. - This is a closed book exam. -Basic calculators without a] alphanumeric programmable memory or b] statistical functions or c] graphing abilities may be used. - NOTE: The answers to the multiple-choice questions are to be done on the separate answer sheet provided (Scantron Sheet). - There are a total of 33 questions. - Time allowed - 45 minutes. VERSION A ▯ Select the best answer for each question below. 1. Which of the following is not an example of a fine motor skill? A. playing the harp B. playing soccer C. typing an essay D. playing a violin 2. What type of error can be described by the following arithmetic expression? [Performance – Criterion] / # of trials A. absolute error B. variable error C. standard error D. constant error 3. The Hick-Hyman Law relates: A. Absolute error to the number of stimulus and response alternatives presented to a subject B. Movement direction to the number of stimulus and response alternatives presented to a subject C. Choice reaction time to the number of stimulus and response alternatives presented to a subject D. Constant Error to the number of stimulus and response alternatives presented to a subject E. None of the above 4. Which statistic is representative of how good a fit the regression line is for a given data set such as Lab 6 (Speed Accuracy study)? A. R B. standard deviation C. t-value D. F-value E. r 2 5. The two components of visual functioning are: A. perceptual vision and central vision D. retinal vision and peripheral vision B. peripheral vision and foveal vision E. occipital vision and central vision C. central vision and foveal vision ▯ 6. If a student has the following curling scores in a series of 4 trials (+7, -2, -3, +8). What would their AE score be? A. 10 B. 5 C. 2.5 D. 7 E. None of the above 7. In lab 6, students were placed in groups via a process known as matching. What is the significance of matching, and why does it aid in demonstrating significant differences between groups? A. The process of matching decreases variability between groups. Minimizing variability between groups aids in demonstrating significant effects because this decreases the standard deviation, and increases the t-value. B. Matching minimizes order- effects, and as a result, this aids in demonstrating significant differences between groups. C. The process of matching increases variability between groups. Increasing variability between groups aids in demonstrating significant effects because this increases the standard deviation, and increases the t-value. D. The process of matching decreases variability between groups. Decreasing variability between groups aids in demonstrating significant effects because this increases the standard deviation, and decreases the t-value. E. The process of matching serves no statistical purpose and was done for the amusement of the TA. 8. Turning on a light switch is characterized as which type of skill? A. Repetitive C. Continuous B. Discrete D. Sequential 9. In lab 7, individuals performed the curling task, 15 trials with each hand. The class was divided into two groups, with one group performing with the preferred hand first, and the non-preferred hand second. The other group performed the lab in the opposite order. This procedure was called ______ and is designed to guard against_____. A. matching; large variability B. counterbalancing; order effects C. sampling; differences D. randomization; learning ▯ 10. What type of Reaction time test situation is illustrated in the image to the right? A. Choice RT B. Fractionated RT C. Simple RT D. Discrimination RT E. Fourier transformation RT 11. Reaction Time and Movement Time measure different aspects of human performance. We know this because: A. RT indicates how a person interacts with the environment B. The correlation between RT and MT is usually close to zero C. Changing the type of stimuli or complexity of the stimuli will influence RT in predictable ways. D. Evoked potentials and electromyograms measure fractionated RT E. Physiological correlates indicate that the body is preparing for upcoming demands. 12. Consider the diagram to the right. Assume your task is to determine in which of the 16 boxes a ball, (black dot) is located. How many bits of information are contained in this task? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 E. 5 F. 8 G. 16 ▯ 13. To overcome the problem that practice performance may overestimate or underestimate learning, researchers can use: A. dynamic visual acuity test B. static visual acuity test C. practice observation D. retention test E. skills aptitude test F. Stroop test 14. During the cognitive stage of learning, performers are A. attempting to increase variability in their performance B. attempting to understand the activity to be performed C. beginning to discover the kinematic and kinetic properties that define the skill being learned D. able to detect and correct errors in performance E. able to direct their attention to other aspect of the performance while still performing the skill 15. Which error measure evaluates a person’s performance consistency during a series of trials? A. AE B. CE C. E D. VE E. Both a) and c) together ▯ 16. Use the method of classifying activity discussed in class, to classify sprinting 100 metres in a race at the Olympic Games. A. closed, forced paced, continuous B. open, self-paced, continuous C. open, forced paced, discrete D. open, self-paced, discrete E. closed, self-paced, discrete F. open, forced paced, continuous 17. The Power Law of Practice/Learning indicates that: A. There are limits to the amount one person can learn. B. the more times a task is performed the stronger (i.e. muscle power) the performer becomes C. performance improves rapidly at the beginning of a new task but the rate of improvement slows as more practice is done D. occurs during the Associative stage of learning E. a) and d) F. a) and b) and c) G. a) and c) and d) H. all of the above 18. The Limiting Principle is a concept that few instructors or coaches understand. What does this principle state? A. That we have limits to the amount of information that we can process. B. It explains why a performance/action has been done correctly. C. It explains what has been done incorrectly with a performance. D. The principle indicates that we can tell what has be done correctly by observing the end result E. The principle is not described correctly by any answer above. 19. Four performance characteristics of learning were discussed in class and the Readings. They are: A. speed, accuracy, time, energy B. goal oriented, accuracy, time, energy C. stability, position, velocity, acceleration D. adaptability, persistence, consistency, improvement E. AE, VE, CE, E F. AE, VE, E, RMS ▯ 20. The term “automation through particularization” describes skilled performers. To achieve this automatic state involves some costs. What are these costs, as discussed in lecture? A. Time B. Money C. Health D. Specialisation E. a) and c) F. a) and d) G. a) and b) and c) H. a) and b) and c) and d) 21. People often use the terms skill and ability incorrectly. Which statement(s) is (are) correct? A. skill implies that a performer has done the activity
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