Kine3340 Test 1 Questions from L1,
L2, the AHKC Short Form Report
Card, Chapters 1, 2, and 3
February 11, 2011
Q. The Transactional model of motor development implies that the __________, the ___________,
and a certain _________ are not only influenced by one another (interaction) but also may be
modified (transaction) by one another.
Q. Use the Transactional model of motor development to explain a persons dancing skills.
Q. T or F? The terms Motor and Psychomotor can be used interchangeably.
Q. Motor development is __________ change in motor behaviour throughout the ______-________.
Q. In the past, what other developmental domain(s) was(were) considered more important than
the study of motor development?
e) a, c, and d are correct
f) All of the above are correct
Q. T or F? Development is age dependent.
Q. In the past, psychomotor development was only an indicator of __________ __________.
Q. T or F? Obesity is second only to Tobacco as the #1 health risk according to the American
Journal of Preventative Medicine, Jan 2010.
Q. The general rate of physical activity in Canada is
c) increasing only slightly since the 1980s
d) the exact same
Q. T or F? Psychomotor ability/capacity may impact other developmental domains (ie: academic
Q. What is the time frame for motor development?
a) birth - early childhood
b) infancy - adulthood
c) conception - death
d) infancy - teen years
Q. Development encompasses _______ aspects of human behaviour and as a result may only be
___________ separated into domains, stages, or age periods. Q. T or F? For the most part, each learner has his or her own individuality with respect to the
order in which they learn different movements.
Q. Now, interaction is said to exist between 4 domains; cognitive, affective, physical and _________
Q. What are some examples of factors that make up the affective domain?
Q. What are the 3 distinct phases that the history of motor development has undergone?
1. __________/Perspective (pre 1940)
2. Normative/____________ (1945-1970s)
3. _________-oriented (1980s to present)
Q. The Maturational perspective period can be marked by:
a) A throwing behaviour study by Monica Wild
b) Focused on school-age children as well as infants
c) famous twin studies involving one growing up with special attention one with regular
(McGraw, Gesell, Tompson)
d) Provided a great deal of info about the sequential progression of normal dvlpmnt from the
acquisition of early rudimentary mvmnts to mature patterns of behaviour.
e) motor development is strictly innate
f) The body is seen to be composed of several systems
g) a, c, e, f
h) a, c, d, e
i) a, e
Q. T or F? Results from the twins study (McGraw), concluded that although the rate at which the
trained twin(s) acquired the selected mvmnt skills was faster than the non-trained twin(s), the
sequence was invariable and the advantage short-lived.
Q. T or F? The above statement also has shown parallels to the psychomotor development of
those persons with special needs.
_____ - Continuous change in motor behaviour throughout the life cycle
brought about by interaction amount the requirements of the task, the A. Motor Behaviour
biology of the individual, and the conditions of the environment. B. Motor Control
C. Motor Development
_____ - A change in motor behaviour resulting from practice or past D. Motor Performance
experience E. Motor Learning
_____ - Changes in motor learning and dvlpmnt that embody learning
factors and maturational processes associated with mvmnt
_____ - Study of the underlying mechanisms responsible for mvmnt, with
particular emphasis given to what is being controlled and how the
processes governing control are organized
_____ - the act of executing a movement skill Q. T or F? The laboratory scientist tends to focus on the observable movement aspects of skill
while the field professional tends to focus on the motor aspects of skill.
Q. Motor Development is studied through (TEXT BOOK QUESTION)
a) Longitudinal studies
b) Unilateral studies
c) Cross-sectional studies
d) Mixed-longitudinal studies
f) a, c
Q. T of F? In lecture we learned that methods of research study include longitudinal, cross-
sectional, mixed-longitudinal, cross-cultural, naturalistic observation, survey, case history.
Q. T or F? Cross-cultural studies may or may not use experimental design.
Q. Matching! Match the term to its appropriate definition
_____ (qualitative functional change) - Changes that enable one to A. Adaptation
progress to higher levels of functioning. The sequential process of B. Specialized mvmnt
characteristics is fixed although the pace of progression may differ (ie: skill
sit, stand and walk).
_____ (quantitative structural changes) Pertains to physical growth C. Experience
referring to the increase in the size of an individuals body or its parts E. Movement Pattern
during maturation (an increase in the structure of the body brought F. Maturation
upon by the multiplication or enlargement of cells) G. Motor Pattern
_____ (quantitative and qualitative) An adaptive change towards H. Development
competence that is a continuous process
_____ - Refers to factors within the environment that may alter the appearance
of various dvlpmntl characteristics through the process of learning.
_____ - Often used to refer to the complex interplay btw forces within the
individual and the environment
_____ - An organized series of related mvmnts
_____ - Common underlying biological and mechanical processes
_____ - Form, accuracy, and control in performance of a mvmnt striking an
oncoming object or splitting wood
Q. Who is known for having theories that are categorized as phase/stage?
e) a, c
f) a, b
g) b, c, d