Growth Midterm notes.docx

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York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3340
Nickolas Wattie

Growth Midterm notes 2122012 123100 PM Domains of Human DevelopmentAffective Social influences emotionalMotor movementchanges in themPsychomotor voluntary movements from higher brain regionsCognitive learningPhysical changes in the body Elements of developmentMultifactorial no single factor direct changeIndividual Rate of change varies for the peopleDirectional development has an ultimate goalSequential certain motor patterns precede othersCumulative Behaviors are additiveQualitative developmental changes involve a quality aspectMy Iguana Dances Slowly Coldly Quietly DevelopmentGrowthMaturationGrowth is the structural aspect quantitativeMaturation is the functional change qualitative Stages Prenatal conceptionbirthGerminal02 wks o Oocyte release in ovary fertilization o Zygote moves towards uterus o Morula enters uterusblastocyst attaches to wallEmbryonic 38 o Endoderm digestiverespiratory o Ectoderm nervous sensory receptors skin o Mesoderm circulatory muscular skeletal excretory reproductive o Placenta umbilical cord amnion develop o teratogens have greatest effects hereFetal 9birth o Rapid growth o Organ system differentation Infancy birth1Neonatal 022 daysToddlerhood walking aloneEarly childhood 47Middle childhood 79Late childhood lasts 3 yearsAdolescence puberty girls 11 boys 13Early adulthood when reaches max height girls 20 boys 22 until the age of 40Middle adulthood 4060Late adulthood 60 Mountain of motor development Reflexive prenatal stagePreadapted voluntary movementsFundamental Patterns fundamental locomotor skills object control fine motor controlContext Specific peaks in movement skills Skillful requires motivation opportunity instruction practiceCompensation injury or aging Epigenetic period time of development sensitive to outside factors DRUGS122 of pregnant women use alcoholFetal Alcohol spectrum disordersFetal alcohol syndrome FASAlcohol related neurodevelopmental disorders ARNDAlcohol related birth defects ARBDNeonatal abstinence syndrome NASIQ70Poor motor coordination 50ADD riskWeak suckling reflexCocaine causes a 25 increased risk of preterm birthCauses brain damageSlower reflexesIncrease SIDSMental retardation beyond 2 yrs
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