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Relaxation Midterm notes.docx

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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 4420
Mark Cummings

Relaxation Midterm notes 2/12/2012 6:40:00 PM Chapter 1  Self regulation: maintenance of the healthy, natural body/mind  Learned self regulation: methods used to return one to the natural state when disregulation is experienced  Pathology: state when organs or systems malfunction or die caused by extreme disregulation  Egg model of self regulation:  egg represents uniqueness of an individual  takes less negative disregulation (distress) to reach a pathological state than it does for positive disregulation (eustress) o we can handle more eustress  texture of egg: not all processes are without rough spots  there are limits to the amount of disregulation that can occur before it stats cracking  this model is based upon the assumptions: 1) body/mind has predetermined ranges of response controlled by biological limits 2) these ranges allow the body/mind to operate at a homeostatic level 3) disregulation can be moved back into normal range if not too extreme 4) if disregulation is too extreme, systems will be impaired, diseased, or die 5) +ve disregulation does not result in same degree of disregulation that –ve does 6) if disregulation accumulates “set point” can move closer to pathology 7) kindling: disregulation happening frequently can make system more sensitive (short fused)  Dysregulation: faulty regulation  Why practice LSR? Help person to become more connected with their bodily sensations  Awareness leads to control  Unease: person knows they are stressed from demands of a situation  Disease: system is starting to breakdown with stress related disorders  Awareness blunting process: less effective coping strategies, high levels of chronic stress become normal and acceptable  Catch 22: less reserve capacity to adapt to events but uses up the reserve capacity faster by reacting to more things and to a greater degree (kindling effect)  Uses of LSR:  free up energy for other purposes,  behaviour change easier to make and maintain  Systems Theory of S-R: Blodd pressure regulates like a furnace; negative feedback loop  Self regulation is a continuing process not a state, it requires constant adjustment to internal and external demands  Modified Systems theory of S-R: Circles that represent a mind/body connection  All parts interact even if there are no connecting lines or circles  All levels are indirectly or directly related, disregulation in one level will cause disregulation in all levels  Emergent property: parts in each level can interact or connect and produce new properties  Attending to something changes the actual structure or behaviour of that object, part or person  Just by paying attention to physiological systems causes a change in it  If one principle has been shown to apply at one level it applies to all levels  Process of Disregulation and LSR: initiated by an event that is real or imaginary, event maybe be physical, psychological, environmental, and positive or negative  Perception of event depends on intact sensory system  Appraisal of an event involves the assessment of whether one’s resources or capabilities match the demands made by the event  If demand > resources = stress response is triggered  Coping response is elicited when a threat is perceived, it is selected based on a cost/benefit analysis of the choices  If needs/wants of person require more resources than available they enter disregulation  Factors that cause disregulation fall into:  Environmental, physiological, psychological  Key to S-R is becoming aware of one’s existing physiological and psychological state in order that a change is quickly and easily noticed  Kohut defines self as:  Having an independent center of initiative  Having independent perception  Mindy and body are a unit  Continuity of time between past, present, and future  Positive affective coloring  Sander proposes hypotheses that are important to S-R  Regulation is born into the infants system, can be changed by interaction with caregiver  Infant develops awareness of their own inner experiences (basis of sense of self)  Their own action directly affect their own state in a desired direction  Develops capacity to be alone  Self object: becomes a substitute of the caregiver (teddy bear)  If one doesn’t have a healthy self they may not be successful with LSR  Substance abuse and etc can be due to lack of strong core self  Hierarchical system of learning: technique at the top has control over the techniques below  Purpose of LSR:  Awareness  Energy Efficiency  Balanced lifestyle  Educational enhancement  Medical uses  Psychological uses  Performance enhancement Chapter 2: Nervous system  Afferent neurons: To brain  Efferent: from brain  Connecting neuron: found mainly in spinal cord and brain  2 major communication systems in the body/mind:  neural control: speedy, short duration  biochemical control: slower, longer duration  brain began in brain stem; higher regions control more complex functions, higher regions an override and control layers below  Level 1: basic life functions  Level 2: regulation  Level 3: emotions  Level 4:
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