Ancient Greek Theatre.pdf

2 Pages

Modern Greek
Course Code
GKM 4600
Michail Vitopolous

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Ancient Greek Theatre Tuesday, March 19, 2017:26 PM Socialfunctionofthetheatre • Art represents the reality of society • These societal conditions change according to time period and with the development of knowledge and the evolution of sociopolitical systems • With Aristotle, philosophy began to evolve into modern science • Political organizations evolved to allow more participation of the people • The position of women and slaves was improved during the Hellenistic years • Art and literature moved towards realism (which culminated in Greek sculpture and painting) and New Comedy • ** The ancient Greeks imitated life as a COLLECTIVEEXPERIENCE whereas today we imitate life as an INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCE (our personal interpretations of the world) • Both the subjective and collective experience were expressed (like now), but collective was dominant • When the importance of the subjective experience increases, art moves towards realism • 5th century-- birth of ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY Democracyandtheatre • The birth and growth of democracy coincide with the birth and development of Democracy • Democracy requires the union and collaboration of all the sociopolitical forces; Drama is also a collaboration (of speech, motion, music, architecture, and painting) • Drama is addressed to all civilians • To accommodate this audience, theatres are created (which are also used for public assembly) • In the theatre, the present and future of the city were discussed • Tragedy in theatre represented the past Originsof thetheatricalart • Having satisfied the religious and practical needs of life, man felt the urgency to invest his leftover energy in joyful expressions such as theatre • This was the manifestation of the natural tendency of man towards game • Art as a "game"--obeying the need for reproduction of reality • Greek theatre originated from the Dithyramb, the lyric poetry of Dionysus Thefinanceof ancientdramas • The theatre of Dionysus could hold 15-20,000 spectators • Performances in Athens took place twice a year • Plays were performed all day, from dawn to dusk • The performances had a religious significance and the Athenian felt that attending was his duty • Courts were
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