Study Guides (248,595)
Canada (121,624)
York University (10,209)
MODR 1770 (33)

MODR 1770 First Exam Review

7 Pages

Modes Of Reasoning
Course Code
MODR 1770
Glen Hoffmann

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
MODR Review Quiz 2 Chapter 4 Reasons for Belief and Doubt When Claims Conflict P and q are contradictories if and only if it is not possible for p and q to have same truthvalueone is true and one is falsecant be true at the same timeEx Today is Thursday Today is not Thursday Contraries P and q statements are contraries It is possible for both of them to be false Ex Today is Monday today is Thursday Rules Important Principles When p a statement an assertion conflicts with another claim qthat we have good reason to accept we have good grounds for doubting pWhen a claim p conflicts with another claim q and we have no reason for believing one over the other we should suspend judgment concerning p and qWhen a claim p conflicts with our background information we have good reason for doubting p Background informationsometimes this means common knowledge shared by your peers sometimes it means your own personal background information Neither category is exactly fixed or determinateExperts and Evidence An expert is someone who is more knowledgeable in a particular subject area than most others areWhat makes someone an expertoa Appropriate education and training in the fieldob Relevant experience in the fieldoc A good reputation among peers in the fieldod Professional accomplishmentsAppropriate reliance on Expert Authorities Why should we generally trust expertsaThey have more information on the relevant subject areabThey are better at making judgments in that areaIf a claim conflicts with expert opinion we have good reason to doubt itWhen the experts disagree about a claim we have good reason to suspend judgment concerning itCautions Concerning Experts Experts may be biased dishonest dysfunctional or just wrong Fallacy of appeal to authority occurs when
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.