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Final

MODR FINAL REVIEW.docx

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Department
Modes Of Reasoning
Course Code
MODR 1730
Professor
Philip Mac Ewen

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MODR FINAL REVIEW
MARCH 26th-2014
Starting from the ABC analysis: Part C cont’d
1. Using the false hidden presumption that [P4- An argument can prove its conclusion by
treating opposite alternatives as contrary alternatives], which is false because there is at
least one other option to explain why global warming is happening which this argument
never recognizes, ie. , That global warming is caused both by human lifestyles and
periodic warming of the earth’s temperature, a violation of the argument of the principle
which requires that the arguer/s provide the best available evidence for his/her/their
position, a logical problem which could have been avoided if the author/s had understood
the concept of false dichotomy, in which case the argument fails to prove its conclusion.
C Therefore, this argument commits the fallacy of false dichotomy, a fallacy of
presumption.
2. Instead of using relevant premises to support its conclusion, such as the landlord
concern believes that government should stay out of the marketplace and rent controls
represent the imposition of government in the marketplace, this argument rather attacks
the circumstances of the individual concerned, a violation of the truth seeking principle
according to which arguers are supposed to establish what is the case by appealing to
evidence that show that it is the case, not by attacking individuals and their
circumstances, a logical problem which could have been avoided if the author/s had
understood the concept of circumstantial ad hominem, in which case the argument fails to
prove its conclusion. C Therefore, this argument commits the fallacy of circumstantial ad
hominem, a fallacy of relevance.
3. Using the false hidden presumption [ P4- An argument can prove a conclusion
which is irrelevant to its premise], which is false because it does not follow from any or
all of the premises that world poverty will likely escalate but rather that the challenge of
feeding the worlds population will become greater and greater with its increasing
population, a violation of the fallibility principle according to which arguers are supposed
to leave room for, even acknowledge the possibility their arguments may be wrong, a
logical problem which would have been avoided if the arguer/s had understood the
concept of red herring, in which case the argument fails to prove its conclusion. C
Therefore, this argument commits the fallacy of red herring, a fallacy of presumption.
4. Using the false, hidden presumption that [P5- An argument can prove its
conclusion by treating its conclusion and/or one or more of its premises as if they were
simply by virtue of the way in which they are stated.], which is false because P4 above is
true, not by virtue of the state of affairs it indicates being true but by virtue of the
rhetorical rider, “ After all”, a violation of the respect principle which should separate a
position from the people who are implicated by the position, a logical problem which
could have been avoided if the author/s had understood the concept of self-evident truth,
in which case the argument fails to prove its conclusion. C Therefore, this argument
commits the fallacy of self-evident truth a fallacy of presumption.

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Description
MODRFINALREVIEWthMARCH262014StartingfromtheABCanalysisPartCcontd1UsingthefalsehiddenpresumptionthatP4AnargumentcanproveitsconclusionbytreatingoppositealternativesascontraryalternativeswhichisfalsebecausethereisatleastoneotheroptiontoexplainwhyglobalwarmingishappeningwhichthisargumentneverrecognizesieThatglobalwarmingiscausedbothbyhumanlifestylesandperiodicwarmingoftheearthstemperatureaviolationoftheargumentoftheprinciplewhichrequiresthatthearguersprovidethebestavailableevidenceforhishertheirpositionalogicalproblemwhichcouldhavebeenavoidediftheauthorshadunderstoodtheconceptoffalsedichotomyinwhichcasetheargumentfailstoproveitsconclusionCThereforethisargumentcommitsthefallacyoffalsedichotomyafallacyofpresumption2InsteadofusingrelevantpremisestosupportitsconclusionsuchasthelandlordconcernbelievesthatgovernmentshouldstayoutofthemarketplaceandrentcontrolsrepresenttheimpositionofgovernmentinthemarketplacethisargumentratherattacksthecircumstancesoftheindividualconcernedaviolationofthetruthseekingprincipleaccordingtowhicharguersaresupposedtoestablishwhatisthecasebyappealingtoevidencethatshowthatitisthecasenotbyattackingindividualsandtheircircumstancesalogicalproblemwhichcouldhavebeenavoidediftheauthorshadunderstoodtheconceptofcircumstantialadhomineminwhichcasetheargumentfailstoproveitsconclusionCThereforethisargumen
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