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Nats notes 1700 Final Exam

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York University
Natural Science
NATS 1700
Olena Kobzar

NATS NOTES FINAL EXAM FIRST ARTICLE THE IDENTITY INDUSTRY Two forms of identity: • Found identity-one created by your circumstances (who your parents are, your sex, ethnic background and other factors that describe you) • Made identity- the one you create yourself. It is how "you wish to see yourself and how you want others to see you". In this it says that with virtual reality, the made identity can help you escape rather than moving away and starting fresh. In short, it talks about how easy it becomes for people to stay in touch or for people to meet. It talks about seniors meeting other seniors online through social media. It talks about families staying together virtually (meaning talking through skype maybe) yet living alone at the same time. It also mentions the creations of avatars, but then mentions how virtual reality world and the real world will be less sharply defined. Also talks about two types of ties: Strong ties with family members and those with shared beliefs. Weak ties with acquaintances and other shallower connections. The internet will help strengthen the stronger ties, at the expense of the weak ones (since interaction to those people might no longer be necessary). R U FRIENDS FOR REAL? One side argues that technology has changed the way kids can be friends, but things like trust and loyalty stay the same. The other side argues that it can effect social development where rather than learning to handle a conversation instantly, one crafts it via Text. Benefits? People called "outcasts" will be able to have meaningful relationships. And friendless adolescents are likely to unemployed, or have poor mental health as adults. "socially anxious boys" ( W.E that means) that play video games are likely to have better relationships. Then it goes to talk about social media sites and "mirrors". Meaning that unlike a mirror, sites like Facebook show your good side only. They show things that boost your esteem or things you want people to see, whereas a mirror shows us for who we really are (our negative and positive side). Apparently youths who use blogs and such to discuss politics are more socially engaged over time. They volunteer more too. That is questionable since those aren't always what the results are. It also talks about how people online pretend to be happier than they are and you can't tell because you aren't there in person. Which can somewhat be true. Two types of relationships (or friendships) • Start of face to face and are strengthened virtually (so facebook or texts). Then, virtually, a third person can be added to this friendship (or relationship, if you're into that). • Other one starts virtually first (on social media site since you probably wouldn't have their cell phone number randomly) but if it wishes to continue, the two must meet face to- face. Then it goes back to virtual. And again in this, a third person can be added. In both of these, the virtual part strengthens the relationship, but face-to-face is mandatory. (so in both, face-to-face communication is mandatory to build trust and loyalty). These two relationships are also part of the first article (more so the first article) The problem in this article and the previous one is that there is an absolute failure to define "relationship" and "friends". BIOTECH AND GENETIC ENGINEERING Summary? Same sex couples can have children with both their genetic info in the child. Genetic resistance to diseases such as AIDS will be woven into an embryo's DNA. Human cloning will become accepted and the human race with be divided into two classes: the naturals and the Gene-enriched. Where some are born naturally with random genes, while others are born with chosen genes by their parents. Into the article we see an example of someone who has just had their child. She says her child will have the greatest chance for achieving success because they won't be over- weight or alcoholic (designer babies). The only success this seems to show is the effect of their lifespan; they might live longer. This statement cannot be true because the author isn't referring to a longer lifespan when talking about success. Now lets talk about "genetic resistance to diseases". IF we start altering genes, we might end up creating a new disease or deficiency in the body. Then comes cloning. This might sound cool and all, but if this started happening then there will surely be overpopulation. And if you are into conspiracies (which shouldn't be looked as conspiracies), people will use this in a bad way to cause chaos. Will clones have some sort of barcode in which you can tell the difference between an original and a clone? Can that barcode be "hacked". Lastly we talk about the two classes of human beings that will be made due to this. On one side there will be the natural humans, born naturally without any alterations to their genes. Some average, others gifted. Then there will be the genrich humans. These beings will have "chosen genes". Some will be gifted athletically, some gifted with intelligence,, and some with both. Of course in the beginning these Genrich beings will be minority, but when they are accepted commonly, the natural beings might turn into minorities and be inferior. Time might come to a point where the difference of natural and Genrich beings is of humans and Apes today. Some scenarios described above are very much so available today. So we probably aren't very far to this. Cloning also exists in today's world. Another problem is that, will people accept reprogenetics? Meaning, will people accept the idea that you can choose each and every characteristic of your child? Another wall that stands in the way; economics. People who can afford the equipment, chemicals and sorts will have all of this available for them. So already a division is being created. Who has control of all of this? Corps? Gov.? According to the article its the people. Because people want images of themselves in their children. But not all people want that. That is where the division comes into play yet again. CHOREOGRAPHERS OF MATTER, LIFE, AND INTELLIGENCE It introduces the three pillars of science: Matter (quantum Revolution), Life (bio- molecular Revolution) and mind (computer Revolution). (All in order of how they came). Quantum Rev gave rise to Comp. Rev which gets us to Bio-molecular revolution. In this article, Kaku says that the 20th century was the century of reductionism (the ability to reduce matter to its most basic level, based on the three revolutions). He also says that the 21st century will be the age of mastery (which isn't true since we are still playing with and learning many things we don't fully understand. In order to be a master you need (said in lecture): Complete knowledge, reason, and judgement (know the result of an action). We don't qualify any of these three. From time to time he contradicts himself. Like when he says we aren't yet grand masters, to we are. (i don't agree that he is contradicting himself. He first says that we have not become grand masters. He later says we are making a transition to becoming grand masters. This isn't contradiction. He is saying that we are becoming Grand masters, but aren't full there yet. The professors believes else wise). In our current century, we must go from reductionism to a synergy. We learnt from each revolution separately and then used it, then applied it to find a new revolution. But when reductionism ends, you can't just know one of these revolutions. You must know all three, so they would all be working together. You must know them in order to move alongside other worlds that know the three revolutions because new Tech will rely on all three. (this is what he means by synergy). It might be difficult to be a research scientist in the future without having some working knowledge of all thee three areas (this is what Kaku says, which I would have to agree with, seeing the speed we are moving in). (prof also highlighted this following example). There was a time where biologists could decipher the genes in us. But today, thanks to the computing power we have available, the new Tech is mechanizing and automating the gene-sequencing process. Shows how one revolutions leads the other. Kaku also makes the statement that this will effect the wealth of nations. Some nations have made list of new Tech that will serve as the engines of wealth and prosperity. Like "Microelectronics, biotech, telecom., Computers (hardware and software). The are more examples. He says that nations won't have a choice. He says that these revolutions will be key to scientific breakthroughs as well as the engines of wealth and prosperity. "Nations may rise and fall on their ability to master these three revolutions". Nations who grasp the three revolutions will be fine, nations who don't may find themselves in trouble (in terms of economy). He also mentions Moore's law and how that might stall the speed in which our New Tech advances. He then moves onto ubiquitous computing. He says 21st century will be the age of ubiquitous computing. Computers will shrink and it will extend everywhere. It will be in our environment as well. Now according to Moore's law and its problems, we must create new designs in respect to Quantum theory in order to continue. This of course will halt the computer revolution if not fixed. In terms of Bio-molecular, we must understand the basic functions of genes (which must be done without the help of a computer) before DNA sequencing to understand gene diseases, traits, etc. Then he boosts the upcoming New tech in the 21st century. For example, rocket engines that may ultimately make interplanetary travel commonplace. (is that possible? Would that mean we are going faster than the speed of light). Lastly we come to the three types of civilizations 1) Mastered al
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