Study Guides (248,269)
Canada (121,449)
York University (10,192)
NATS 1775 (60)
Vera Pavri (54)
Final

Final Exam Nats Review.docx

4 Pages
513 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Natural Science
Course
NATS 1775
Professor
Vera Pavri
Semester
Fall

Description
Final Exam Nats Review Part I. Short Answer Questions 3 Questions (each worth 8 marks = 24 marks total) Answer 3 of 3 Questions based on following topics: 1. Science, Technology and WWI th - Best way to describe WWI: 20th century war fought with 19 century tactics - Strategies for war remained traditional - Machine gun - Naval technologies—Strong navies in Britain - Science and technology developments didn’t ensure victory for everyone - Tech. helped in the battle, but not in war itself - The German U-Boat - Alternative British devices to track the U-Boats—Bring boats together - Land and air weapons - Nazi’s ahead in scientific technology i.e. aviation - US could not compete with technological advances in Germany - The Blitz Creek: Tactical attack against Nazi enemies 2. Science, Technology and WWII - National Defense Research Council (1940) - Fund big business, industries and other industries that have good track records in scientific technology - Hitler’s desire to make a perfect Iranian race. - Cancer research aim germ and disease free world - Openhimer: Supporter of atomic bomb, accused of being soviet spy, did not support making a bigger and better atomic bomb after WW2 - Hydrogen bomb, political leadership had interest in creating this bomb, - Downfall: Could not experiment with it, could it be built? (H bomb) - Moral and ethical issues - US convinced they had to build H bomb before soviet union did - Research lead by Openhimer who was not a supporter - GAC concluded not to build an H bomb 3. Historic Genetic Engineering Controversies - Race to find the structure of DNA - Key to understanding human, plant and anithl existence - Most important discovery of the 20 century - Linus Pauling (USA) - Rossalind Franklin & Wilkins (University of London) - Misunderstanding between Franklin and Wilkins - Franklin and Wilkins approach – x-ray crystallography - Created A set and B set of photos Wilkins wants to work on one set, Franklin the other (Franklin not taken seriously by Wilkins - Male dominated field, Franklin one of the few female scientists during this period. - UOL exclusive to males for social access, Franklin excluded from social places to gain/share scientific knowledge - Crick = Physicist Watson = Phage Geneticist (worked together on DNA) - 3D model building - Close proximity between Franklin/ Wilkin and Watson/Crick - Over time Watson, Crick and Wilkins became friends - Two teams worked in teams in Britain, In the USA Lincus was thought to had discovered DNA, but this was not the exact structure but on the right track. - Proposed DNA looked like a helix - Published in Nature (1953) and noble prize in 1962, shared with Wilkins (Franklin died of Cancer) - Franklins work looked secondary to Watson, Wilkins and Cricks work Part II. Long Answer Question 3 Questions (46 marks total) Answer 3 of 3 questions based on the following topics: 1.How users shape new technologies (Communication tech lectures from telephone to internet) Radio - Supply and demand - Case study: Relationship between introduction of FM radio and development of television Shows: Although a technology maybe superior does not mean technology wins out on the market place - Need to develop a mainstream technical standard - Political + Corporate decisions on the success or failure of new technologies - FM radio: Edwin Armstrong , 1933, better system then AM (AM radio: Amplitude modulation) Television - Commercial televisions produced in the 1950s - Patent dispute, john beard, Farnsworth, Vladimir - RCA is involved in both Television and Radio - Farnsworth (14yr old inventor) invented cathode ray tube - Zworkin submitted TV patent - TV began in late 1800’s and commercial TV began in 1950’s - ―The Golden Age of TV‖ - RCA - Use electrons to create a TV image - In 1923 Zworkin creates a TV system - Internalist Approach: New technologies may lie idle for years before coming into use - Television ran different discourses in Great Britain compared to the United States - Technology was socially determined Telephone - Social Uses of phone: Users re-shaping technology - Social Determinism - Marketers/vendors believed phone should only be used for practical/emergency purposes - Discouraged sociability - Most phone lines were shared lines, so got tied up if people were on for too long, so discouraged usage. - Old and new technologies had very firm ideas of usage, should be used like a telegraph: only for emergency purposes - Telegraph users paid by word. - Over 30% of calls made were for sociability - Women who lived in isolated/rural areas in need of communication - Phone industry changes mind in the 1920’s - Wanted a variety of ways of use. - Long-distance is introduced, makes a lot of money. - Introduces new products and phone deals to consumers - In the 1940’s idea of socialbil
More Less

Related notes for NATS 1775

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit