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Final

Final Exam Notes - Technolog and Civilization (Final grade: A)

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Department
Natural Science
Course
NATS 1775
Professor
Vera Pavri
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture10ScienceTechnologyWW1GeneralConsiderationsNewtechwasintroducedbutwartacticsdidntchangeregardingtimetransportationofpeopleExistingtechrailroadstelegraphsmachinegunbarbedwirewerecombinedwithnewtechairplanestankspoisongashadtofigureouthowtouseanewtechUSenteringwarbrokethestalematemoremenresourcesWarwasntconsistentwithideasatthetimetheypreferredlanceseventhoughmachinegunswerethebestthingtouseNavalPowerSeenasaworldpowersmallnationswantedittheydbeseenasaforceNavyleaguespeopleconvincedgovtthatwithoutanavytheydbedestroyedlobbieswerefundedbycoalandsteelshipyardarmsmanufacturingindustrynationalismAssociatedwithmilitarystrengthlandarmyignorednoplanningbwnavyandarmyRoleprotecttraderouteskeepcommunicationopenbwempirepreventinvasion1917BritsdevelopedhydrophonestodealwithtorpedoesdetectingsubmarinesMassCombatandtheIntroductionofNewLandAirWeaponsRailroadsusedtoorganizeandtransporttroopsquickstrikesdidntknowwhattodowhentherewasalongwarBarbedWirechangedsurprisetacticsusefulandpreventiveGunssniperriflenowhadadvantageoverbowmanglycerinrecoilallowedforrapidfireegmachinegun665bulletsin1minuteconcernsofifitcouldbeusedinlargescalewar1893Matabelwar50soldierswith4machinegunsdefeated5000AfricanwarriorsChemicalWarfareGermansusedpoisonousgaschlorinemustard500000casualtiesoDefendedbygasmaskswerentalwayssuccessfulrightawayoLargeissuepowermisuseofscientificknowledgecompaniesnowinvolvedinproducingchemicalpoisonsformurderAirplanesoriginallyusedforperformancedaredevilacts200000by1918oUsedforsurveillanceandreconlaterusedforbattleoManypreferredlifeofpilotindividualherovsnamelessfaceintrenchwarfareStateIndustryandWarRelationshipbwmilitaryandindustrytechforwarbeingmassproducedGermanslostaccesstoimportedresourcesnitratesfertilizersexplosivesindustrialagriculturaleconomycollapsedUSlentresourcesandsupporttoallieswhowonUSNavalConsultingBoardNationalResearchCouncilpreppedindustryforwarproductionandscientificresearchWarIndustriesBoardhadcontroloverindustrialproductionnewindustriesplantssupplysourcesmaterialsproducedregulatedhowmaterialsweretransportedTechnicalexpertisegainedwithEuropeanscientistsimmigratingforsafetyTypewriterrapidprintingpresstelephonetelegraphimportantforcommunicationsbwhomelandandEurope500McansoffoodproducedforUSarmyLecture11ScienceTechnologyWW2TheRiseofBigScienceProjectsOneprojectbasedaroundsinglethingegfusionofdiffscientifictechnicaldisciplinesoExtensiveintensiveuseoffinancialhumanresourcesfinancedbystateshortmiddlelongtermexpectedtoproduceconcreteresultsbasicappliedresearchpoliticalsocialgoalsareusedasjustificationfordevelopingcertainprojectsegAbombUSRNDPriortoEnteringWW2NationalDefenseResearchCouncilformedbyVannevarBushUScouldnthandleGermanysadvancedairforceGavecontractstocorporationsinstitutionsandindividualsthatcouldproduceresearchEmphasisplacedonelectronicgoodsradarproximityfusescomputersdevelopmentofAtomicBombleadstospaceprogramMilitaryindustrialcomplexsciencehadbiggerroleinsocietymoremoneyputtowardspeopleandinstrumentsforresearchCivilaviationwatercooledenginesreplacedaircooledlighterfasterdecreasedcostsoWingflapsletheavierstrongerplanestolandsafelymilitarytechusedforcivilpurposesBoeingairplanes
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