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Final

Final Exam Review PHIL1100.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
Henry Jackman
Semester
Fall

Description
1 Explain what reasons Socrates gives in the Crito for not fleeing Athens even though staying means certain death Explain why you do or dont find these arguments sound Answer one Socrates reason for not fleeing Athens is based on what he feels is living a just life He feels it is more important to live a just life even in the face of death Socrates believes escaping would harm the city and the city is like a parent so escaping is like harming a parent Harming a parent would be unjust so escaping would be unjust Unjust actions corrupt the soul and escaping would corrupt ones soul Life is worthless with a corrupted body and the soul is more important than the body so life is worthless with a corrupted soul The life of an escapee is worthless and therefore it is better to die than escape I do not find these arguments sound because Socrates makes stern conclusions that would be practical in real life A city may be like a parent but it is not the same like harming a parent Life is not worthless with a corrupted body as people still carry on full lives with some disabilities There is also a sense of perfection we can all agree that no one is perfect and if you have to act unjustly in order to achieve a greater good your soul would not be corrupted to the point it is worthless I think because Socrates is a radical objectivist he does not believe in what you can achieve personally and does not consider the option of being human but still striving for a just life Answer two Socrates has many reasons for not fleeing Athens like how his friends would be in danger of helping him escape and his children can grow up to be citizens of Athens if he doesnt fleeHowever Socrates main reason for not fleeing Athens was he would be corrupting his soul by acting unjustlyHe also argues that he would be harming the city by escaping which in turn would be just like harming his parentsSocrates says that if he breaks the law by escaping to save his own life no one would take his words of justice seriously and that he would be shunned from societyPublic opinion does no one any good and would be foolish to take into considerationHis arguments are not soundIf an athlete would ruin his body by listening to the opinions of the majority rather than to his trainer wouldnt it be the same as Socrates caring about the public opinion rather than listening to his friend His connection of harming the city would be like harming is parents are absurd If Socrates believes in just acts then shouldnt it be a parents duty to take care of their children till they grow up into someone who can take care of themselvesFinally Socrates escaping would have been for the greater goodThe city did an unjust act by executing SocratesEven though Socrates thought by fleeing that he would have acted unjustly saving his life could have saved many people from injusticeAnswer three Crito tries to persuade Socrates to flee because he has young children to raise his friends would miss him and think ill of them for not helping him escape and because hell die if he doesnt escape Socrates is not persuaded by this He believes his children will be better off in Athens than in exile with him his friends shouldnt worry about public opinion and that injustice is to be feared more than death His main reason is that escaping is unjust and that it is never okay to act unjustly His first argument is that escaping would harm the city and since the city is like a parent escaping is like harming a parent Expanding on this Socrates explains that harming a parent is unjust therefore escaping would be unjust and unjust actions will corrupt the soul Escaping then will corrupt his soul because it is an unjust action Socrates believes life is worthless with a corrupted body and that the soul is more important than the body so life is worthless with a corrupted soul This means the life of an escapee is worthless so it is better to die than escape The soundness of this argument is questionable because for one a corrupted body is not worthless and if you replace escaping with coffee drinker it implies that since coffee corrupts the body the life of a coffee drinker is worthless and it is better to die than drink coffee Plenty of people are living with disabilities and are not worthless or deserving to die Also one could argue is it never just for a parent to wrongfully punish a child and killing a child for speaking their mind can be considered unjust 2 In the Apology Plato claims that no evil can happen to a good man but in the Crito he suggests that life is not worth living with a corrupted body Explain why one might think that these two views are in tension with each other Do you think that there is a way for Socrates to resolve this tension If so suggest how he could do it If not explain why not Answer one One might think these views are in tension with each other since when Socrates says no evil can happen to a good man he means that only unjust acts can harm you so why would he then say that life is not worth living with a corrupted body Since a corrupted body is something just physical and not an unjust act then it seems Socrates is saying evil may happen to a good man now It was common in Socrates time to abandon deformed babies and physical strength was regarded as a good trait to having a good life this was his reason for saying life is worthless with a corrupted body I think Socrates can resolve this tension by relaxing his view of corruption He has a very absolute view of corruption there is either corruption or no corruption Maybe there can be some acceptable forms of corruption and this idea can be taken from no evil can happen to a good man since it would be unjust to think someones life is worthless if they have committed one small wrong action or if they were born with a disability Socrates would be upholding his own idea since he places a focus on acting justly so even in the face of adversity you can choose to live a good life even if that means living a good life with a corrupted body Socrates could have also saved his own life if he considered this type of corruption if he had assessed his soul would have only gotten a little corrupted if he escaped rather than dying and not being able to take care of his children or promote what he believed to be a just life Answer two One might think that these two views are in tension with each other only if both claims are misinterpretedFor example the first claim no evil can happen to a good man is incomplete and can be understood as no bad things at all can happen to a good person such as illness death or poverty The second claim life is not worth living with a corrupted body can also be misinterpreted and corrupted body can be understood as one being physically or
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