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POLS 2910 F/W 2013-2014- Final Exam Review (Part A)

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Political Science
POLS 2910
Dennis Pilon

POLS 2910 FallWinter Term 20132014FINAL EXAM REVIEWPart A1 Quiet RevolutionDefinition The dramatic changes in values attitudes and behavior of FrenchCanadian Quebeckers a new collective selfconfidence a new brand of nationalism and an enormous expansion of the role of provincial state that characterized Quebec in the 1960s Post 1960s Quebec nationalism sought to protect and promote French language and culture to increase the powers of the provincial government and to reverse the dominance of Anglo and external economic power on the province Significance The Quiet Revolution was one of the main components of Canadian constitutional change With other constitutional change the Quiet Revolution as a part of the megaconstitutional change which included the 1970 Victoria Charter Constitution Act 1982 1887 Meech Lake Accord and the Charlottetown Accord The features of the Quiet Revolution had many negative implications for FrenchEnglish Relations Quebec moved toward distinctive programs many which strengthened Quebec economy and enhanced francophone control The Quiet Revolution also emphasized the preservation of French language and culture in Canada by extensively incorporating bilingualism through the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism Generally the Quiet Revolution was a significant factor in the divide between French and AngloCanada and the political division between both states2 FederalismDefinition A system of government characterized by two levels of authority federal and provincial and the division of powers between them such that neither is subordinate to the other It is a division of powers between central and regional government Federalism is a legal response to the underlying political and cultural realities that existed at confederation and continue to exist today Significance The relative power of different levels of government is worked out with political struggles Pressures of centralization and decentralization are both significant when discussing the idea of federalism One of many pressures of centralization include economic decline which exposed the weakness of provincial finances This addresses political demands for action with national programs Other pressures include wars where war needs a strong centralized government and demands for welfare state Although the welfare state is a provincial jurisdiction provinces dont have funds to carry it out This moves voters towards political parties that said they were going to strengthen federal power Furthermore the main decentralization pressure includes the geography of Canada as its the second largest geographical country Regionalismas not all areas of the entire country are the sameshows that the requirements for one area are not the same for another area Provinces have their own interests and want to make independent decisions and seldom want to give up power to federal powers unless necessary ie money Quebec is an example of a strong provincial government
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