POLS 2910 Study Guide - Final Guide: Provisional Ballot, Canada Elections Act, Private Law

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Document Summary

The roles of the legislature, executive and judiciary. Legislature: elected legislators write the laws and public policies. Executive: in charge of administrating public policies and enforcing laws executes or brings charges under the law with the investigative powers of the police and the prosecutorial services: both police and prosecution are part of the executive powers. Impartial judges are required to settle these disputes about what the law means and apply penalties after an adversarial hearing. Significance: operates upon the basis that court decisions should be made upon laws and regulations rather than politics, and that justice is impartial. Criminal law: deals with violations contained in the criminal code. Offences in the criminal code are considered to be offences against the entire community rather than against a single individual and so are prosecuted by the state rather than left to a civil law claim.

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