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PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Passive Smoking, Retina, Hans Selye


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis

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PSYC 1010B/E/F/H (Jubis)
Midterm-AID
Review Package
Tutor: Bryan Choi
E-mail: bryan888@yorku.ca

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Preface
This document is intended for PSYC 1010 students who are looking for an additional
resource to assist their studies in preparation for the course midterm. It has been
created with regard to Dr. Jubis’ Fall/Winter 2009/2010 sections and is subject to
change for future courses. The focus is on chapters 14, 15, 4, and 13.
References
1. Psychology: Themes and Variations (2nd Edition)
Contents
5 Tips for Midterm Success..............................................................................................2
Chapter 14........................................................................................................................3
Chapter 15......................................................................................................................18
Chapter 4........................................................................................................................28
Chapter 13......................................................................................................................41
5 Tips for Midterm Success
1. Get adequate sleep. Sleeping at night helps consolidate what you learned during the
day into memory so that it is better recognized or recalled in future. So not only does
staying up late the night before a test destroy your concentration during the test the next
day, but your brain has not fully digested the information.
2. Do practice questions. Practice questions are found in your textbook, on the
textbook website, and/or provided by your professor. Psychology: Themes and
Variations (2nd Edition) has questions in the textbook itself and on its online website.
Professors are often lazy and just take a bunch of questions directly from these places
for tests (not that there’s anything wrong with that).
3. Memorize acronyms. Acronyms boost recall. For example, use an acronym like
“OCEAN” to remember the Big Five personality traits: openness to experience,
conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism.
4. Cramming isn’t totally bad. The simple fact is that information is fresher when you
cram nights before the test, rather than weeks in advance. If you start studying weeks
before, make good notes or go through the textbook again carefully so you can review
effectively before the test.
5. Don’t ignore the obscure information. Tests usually favour obscure details
because everyone studies the main content inside out. It separates who knows the
material and who really knows the material.

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Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders
...................................................................................................................................................................................
Abnormal Behaviour: Myths, Realities and Controversies
The Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behaviour
- medical model: useful to conceptualize abnormal behaviour as a disease
- Thomas Szasz is opposed to medical model:
o illness only affects body and not the mind
o abnormal behaviour is a deviation from social norms and not an illness
- regardless of debate, medical model has been effective in treating and studying
abnormality
- diagnosis: distinguishing one illness from another
- etiology: apparent causation and developmental history of an illness
- prognosis: forecast about the probable course of an illness
Criteria of Abnormal Behaviour
- deviance: behaviour deviates from social norms (varies culture to culture)
- maladaptive behaviour: everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired
o usually something that interferes with social or occupational functioning
- personal distress: subjective distress
- people often viewed as disordered if they are extreme in 1 of the 3 above
criterion
- therefore: diagnosis hinges on value judgments
- abnormal-normal exists on a continuum
Stereotypes of Psychological Disorders
- psychological disorders are incurable
o truth: vast majority of mentally ill improve and lead normal, productive
lives (even those with more severe psychological disorders)
- people with psychological disorders are often violent and dangerous
o truth: most predictive factor of violence is past violence, no consistent
evidence that psychological disorder is
- people with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways and are very different
from normal people
o truth: only a small minority act bizarre and seem different
Psychodiagnosis
- 1952: first edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
published
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