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PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: James Marcia, Agreeableness, Object Permanence

Course Code
PSYC 1010
Doug Mc Cann
Study Guide

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____ 1) People who score high in __________ are characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat,
friendly, and assertive.
A. neuroticism
B. extraversion
C. conscientiousness
D. openness to experience
____ 2) The greatest inconsistency between who a person is and the impression he or she creates
is likely to be found in a
A. sensation seeker
B. high self-monitor
C. self-actualizer
D. person with a realistic self-concept
____ 3) Which of the following is not one of the levels of awareness proposed by Freud?
A. conscious
B. unconscious
C. preconscious
D. collective unconscious
____ 4) Which of the following is not a common criticism of psychodynamic theories of
A. lack of testability
B. sex bias against women
C. inadequate supportive evidence
D. over-emphasis on the importance of early childhood experiences
____ 5) Animals that have lesions in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus
A. go for days without sleep
B. lose all interest in sex
C. overeat and become obese
D. ignore food and often starve
____ 6) Who developed a stage theory of moral development?
A. Piaget
B. Kohlberg
C. Gould
D. Bowlby
____ 7) Candice has just joined a sorority as a means of bolstering her self-esteem. Her behavior
reflects the use of __________ as a defense mechanism.
A. identification
B. immersion
C. regression
D. projection
____ 8) The basic idea behind the set-point theory of body weight is that
A. the body monitors fat stores and tries to keep them stable
B. the body monitors carbohydrate stores and tries to keep them stable
C. the body monitors protein levels and tries to keep them stable
D. glucostats are critical in weight control
____ 9) When Teresa's mother hides her favorite doll under a blanket, Teresa acts as if it no
longer exists, and she makes no attempt to look for it. Based on this information, you can
infer that Teresa is in Piaget's
A. sensorimotor period of cognitive development
B. formal period of cognitive development

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C. concrete period of cognitive development
D. preoperational period of cognitive development
____ 10) As Danica saw the headlights coming directly at her through the fog on the highway her
blood pressure rose quickly, and she felt her heart start to race. These reactions are part of the
A. behavioral component in Danica's emotional experience
B. objective component in Danica's emotional experience
C. cognitive component in Danica's emotional experience
D. physiological component in Danica's emotional experience
____ 11) Mr. and Mrs. McKavick have 3 school-age children. Their next-door neighbors, Mr. and
Mrs. Clancy have 3 grandchildren who are about the same age as the McKavick's children. At
the present time, based on research into marital satisfaction across the family life cycle, it is
most likely that
A. the McKavicks are experiencing higher levels of marital satisfaction than the Clancys are
B. both couples are experiencing high levels of satisfaction in their respective marriages
C. both couples are experiencing low levels of satisfaction in their respective marriages
D. the Clancys are experiencing higher levels of marital satisfaction than the McKavicks are
____ 12) Alfred Kinsey argued that homosexuality and heterosexuality are
A. end points on a "sexual orientation" continuum
B. orientations based on early learning
C. orientations that are a function of genetics
D. value judgments and should be of little concern to scientists
____ 13) Maria is pursuing a highly competitive career, and she works very hard and persistently
at her tasks. Maria's behavior most likely reflects
A. an external locus of control
B. a high achievement motivation
C. a high power need
D. an obsessive-compulsive personality structure
____ 14) Which of the following is not one of the key processes that researchers believe to be
involved in gender-role socialization?
A. observational learning
B. self-socialization
C. operant conditioning
D. classical conditioning
____ 15) According to set-point theory, the body monitors the
A. level of fat stores in the body to keep it fairly constant
B. level of glucose in the bloodstream
C. basal metabolic rate to keep it constant
D. activity of the hypothalamus
____ 16) Unconscious fixations and unresolved conflicts are to Sigmund Freud's theory of
personality as __________ is/are to B. F. Skinner's theory.
A. faulty learning
B. genetic vulnerability
C. incongruence between self and actual experience
D. innate chemical imbalances in the brain
____ 17) A person who is moody, shy, pessimistic, and distressed is likely to score high on which
of the following clinical scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)?
A. hysteria
B. paranoia
C. depression

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D. social introversion
____ 18) Conventional thinking in moral development bases morality (right or wrong) on
A. the risk of punishment
B. society's laws
C. personal principles
D. the potential rewards
____ 19) The "Coolidge effect" refers to which of the following?
A. the fact that men have a stronger sex drive than women
B. the tendency for women to be selective in their attraction to sexual partners
C. the preference for variety in sexual partners that is seen in males of many species
D. the notion that powerful men are likely to have a large number of sexual partners
____ 20) Which of the following techniques is most likely to be used to identify links between
specific genes and specific traits?
A. twin studies
B. genetic mapping
C. magnetic resonance imaging
D. PET scans
____ 21) A non sequitur is basically
A. a weak analogy
B. a false dichotomy
C. an irrelevant reason
D. a circular argument
____ 22) During which stage of development do the heart, spine, and brain emerge?
A. post-natal
B. placental
C. fetal
D. embryonic
____ 23) Recent evidence that has investigated the stress and turmoil sometimes associated with
adolescence suggests that
A. stress and turmoil during adolescence is a universal phenomenon
B. very few adolescents actually experience any stress or turmoil
C. adolescence is more stressful for those raised in traditional, preindustrial cultures
D. storm and stress is more likely during adolescence than at other ages
____ 24) One of the major points Mischel makes about personality is that
A. people behave more consistently across situations than we have thought
B. many personal traits are genetically determined
C. the idea of traits is fundamental to understanding personality
D. people are much less consistent across situations than most theorists have assumed
____ 25) Sexual motivation appears to be
A. mostly biological
B. mostly psychological
C. a mixture of biological and psychological factors
D. almost totally unexplainable
____ 26) Of the countries listed below, which country has the highest infant mortality rate?
A. Singapore
B. Hong Kong
C. United States
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