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Midterm

PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Belief Perseverance, Communication Theory, Anagram


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Doug Mc Cann
Study Guide
Midterm

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____ 1) The gradual conversion of information into durable long-term memory codes is
called
A. long-term potentiation
B. postsynaptic conversion
C. elaboration
D. consolidation
____ 2) The person who has the ability to see all aspects of a problem and make good
decisions is demonstrating the __________ type of intelligence.
A. verbal
B. practical
C. social
D. academic
____ 3) A norm refers to
A. a test's reliability
B. a test's validity
C. a test's distribution of scores
D. all of these things
____ 4) Penfield's studies suggest that long-lost memories can be elicited through
electrical stimulation of the brain. This suggests the possibility that forgetting may be
a matter of
A. retrieval failure
B. displacement
C. gradual decay
D. unconscious wishes to forget
____ 5) The conjunction fallacy is a tendency to
A. ignore information about base rates when estimating the probabilities of certain
combinations of outcomes
B. overestimate the odds of a chance event if that event hasn't occurred recently
C. draw general conclusions based on a few isolated cases
D. believe that the odds of two uncertain events happening together are greater than the odds
of either event happening alone
____ 6) When the word "oat" is changed to the word "boat," the number of
A. phonemes and morphemes are both increased
B. phonemes stays the same, but the number of morphemes is increased
C. phonemes increases, but the number of morphemes stays the same
D. phonemes decreases, but the number of morphemes increases
____ 7) The child's first words are generally spoken at about what age?
A. 3 to 5 months
B. 6 to 8 months
C. 10 to 13 months
D. 18 to 21 months
____ 8) The fact that the correlation in IQ scores between identical twins reared apart is
lower than that between identical twins reared together suggests that
A. environmental factors can have an influence on intellectual development
B. environmental factors have no impact on intellectual development
C. genetic factors have no impact on intellectual development
D. identical twins often do not have the same genotype

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____ 9) The entrance exam that Jaclyn is taking for graduate school has a number of
questions such as: glove is to hand as sock is to __________. Questions of this type
are considered to be
A. problems of arrangement
B. problems of transformation
C. problems of inducing structure
D. ill-defined problems
____ 10) The fact that some people have an organized sequence of memories for driving
their car to work implies the existence of
A. prototypes
B. analogies
C. scripts
D. chained connotations
____ 11) According to Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence, a mnemonic device such
as learning "Every good boy does fine" in order to remember which notes are on the
lines of the treble clef in musical notation represents
A. a metacomponent
B. a knowledge-acquisition component
C. a performance component
D. an intelligence component
____ 12) Which of the following statements is the most debatable?
A. Intelligence is at least somewhat genetic in origin.
B. Genetic factors are strongly implicated in the cause of ethnic differences in intelligence.
C. The average IQ in the lowest social classes is about 30 to 30 points lower than the average
IQ in the highest social classes.
D. The average IQ for some minority groups in the United States is about 3 to 15 points
lower than the average for whites.
____ 13) Walter is 10 years old and has a mental age of 8, based on the Stanford-Binet
Intelligence Scale. Alfred is 12 and has a mental age of 10, based on the Stanford-
Binet Intelligence Scale. Using the intelligence quotient scoring system suggested by
William Stern
A. Walter would be considered "more" intelligent than Alfred
B. Alfred would be considered "more" intelligent than Walter
C. both boys would be considered equally intelligent
D. the scores could not be meaningfully compared because the boys are not the same age
____ 14) If you wanted to be able to predict how successful you would be at being an
engineer, you would take a test that measured your potential for this profession. It is
hoped that the test would be high in
A. criterion-related validity
B. internal validity
C. construction validity
D. hypothetical validity
____ 15) Jacob is thinking of buying a $1 lottery ticket. In Lottery A his odds of winning
are 1 out of a 1000, and he may win $500. In Lottery B his odds of winning are 1 out
of 5000, but he may win $5000. Based on expected value theory, Jacob should
A. buy either ticket because both lotteries have the same expected value
B. buy a ticket from Lottery B because it has a higher expected value
C. buy a ticket from Lottery A because it has a higher expected value

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D. not buy either ticket because both lotteries have very low odds of winning
____ 16) Pseudoforgetting is viewed as a function of
A. interference effects
B. lack of attention
C. hippocampal damage
D. insufficient retrieval cues
____ 17) An algorithm is
A. the set of possible pathways to a solution considered by a problem solver
B. a guiding principle or "rule of thumb" used in problem solving
C. a methodical procedure for trying all possible solutions to a problem
D. equivalent to a heuristic
____ 18) Spearman's "g" infers that
A. most kinds of intelligence are highly related
B. most kinds of intelligence are not highly related
C. intelligence is highly correlated with personality characteristics
D. intelligence is primarily genetic in origin
____ 19) The ability of people to "juggle" information in working memory in order to
reason and make decisions is the __________ component of working memory.
A. executive control system
B. rehearsal loop
C. visual imagery
D. schematic
____ 20) __________ is a metabolic disorder (due to an inherited enzyme deficiency) that
can lead to retardation if it is not caught and treated in infancy.
A. Hydrocephaly
B. Phenylketonuria
C. Down syndrome
D. Parkinson's disease
____ 21) Which of the following terms is synonymous with "motivated forgetting"?
A. regression
B. repression
C. sublimation
D. rationalization
____ 22) The study of source monitoring - the process of making attributions about the
origins of memories - is most closely associated with which of the following
researchers?
A. Brenda Milner
B. Endel Tulving
C. Marcia Johnson
D. Elizabeth Loftus
____ 23) The Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model proposes that memory has
A. sensory, short-term, medium-term, and long-term stores
B. short-, medium-, and long-term stores
C. four different memory stores
D. sensory, short-term, and long-term stores
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