[PSYC 1010] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (65 pages long!)

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Published on 29 Mar 2017
Department
Course
Professor
York
PSYC 1010
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Friday, November 11, 2016
Psychology 1010 H — Social Psychology Cont.
Course Announcements
-Grades for Test 1 will be posted by next Friday
Social Influence
-Social influence how we influence each others thoughts and behaviours
-Compliance agreeing to someone’s direct request or command
-Obedience agreeing to someone’s request when it is made by an authority figure
-Conformity adjusting your behaviour or thinking to coincide with a group standard
The Milgram Experiment
-Stanley Milgram conducted a study in order to shed light on the factors that influence
people’s tendency to obey commands
-Male volunteers (referred to as the teacher) called out a list of words, and a learner
(actually an actor) had to remember the words in the same order they were presented
-each time the learner made a mistake, the teacher would zap them with a higher
voltage of electricity
-no actual electricity was used, but the teacher was unaware of this fact
-Milgram sought to determine how many people would be fully obedient and zap
people up to 450 volts ?
-Different experimental conditions:
remote condition teacher heard pounding on the wall (65% were fully obedient)
voice feedback condition teacher heard learner screaming (62.5%)
proximity condition teach and learner are sitting next to each other (40%)
touch proximity condition teacher takes learner’s arm and places it on electrified
grid (20%)
!1
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Friday, November 11, 2016
no contact condition no contact between teacher and learner (100%)
-In all the conditions above, the experimenter was physically present, urging the
teacher to continue the experiment, this is called experimenter proximity
-If the experimenter was not present, instead and delivering instructions through a
phone, full obedience dropped from 65 to 22 %
-When a co-teacher (who was actually an actor), defied the commands of the
experimenter, obedience dropped to 10%
-Factors that influence willingness to obey:
social norms a rule of society, an expectation of how someone should behave
-eg. holding the door open, tipping
-The social norm in this situation would be not breaking an agreement, committing
to the experiment
surveillance individuals are more likely to obey if they feel they are being
watched
directness of the experience the more direct the experience, the less likely an
individual will obey
-In this study, the closer the learner was to the teacher, the more direct the
experiment, and the less likely they were to obey
responsibility if an individual feels they will not be the one responsible for the
consequences, then they will be more likely to obey
-In a further condition, a co-teacher (actor) could not deliver a shock if teacher did
not pull the switch first, so the teacher could shift responsibility to the co-teacher;
in this case, 95% were fully obedient
importance of science the respectable, official environment made people obey
-In one condition, the experiment was conducted on Yale campus vs. a shady part
of town; in the shady part of town, obedience dropped from 65 to 48 percent
*NOTE: For test, don’t need to memorize percentages, but do know which conditions
lead to more or less obedience
!2
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Document Summary

Grades for test 1 will be posted by next friday. Social in uence how we in uence each others thoughts and behaviours. Compliance agreeing to someone"s direct request or command. Obedience agreeing to someone"s request when it is made by an authority gure. Conformity adjusting your behaviour or thinking to coincide with a group standard. Stanley milgram conducted a study in order to shed light on the factors that in uence people"s tendency to obey commands. Male volunteers (referred to as the teacher) called out a list of words, and a learner (actually an actor) had to remember the words in the same order they were presented. Each time the learner made a mistake, the teacher would zap them with a higher voltage of electricity. No actual electricity was used, but the teacher was unaware of this fact. Friday, november 11, 2016: no contact condition no contact between teacher and learner (100%)

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