PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Cognitive Therapy, Ethology, Therapeutic Relationship

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Published on 8 Apr 2017
Department
Course
Psychotherapy Part 2 Chapter 16
Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT): First therapy model after psychoanalysis. Integrated
techniques in both cognitive therapy and behavioural techniques.
- Problem: is a function of the way you think and is maintained through maladaptive
behaviours.
- Therapists: more directive and challenging
- Method: examines beliefs and use behaviour modification exercises
Ex. “I have to be the best.” Cognitive: there’s always going to be a lot of people better, or worse
than you. Behaviour in depression aspect: engage in certain behaviours, make the client schedule
positive/social events
Goal: health thinking and healthy behaviour, confront things adaptively. Video on CBT.
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy mindfulness is the revolutionary practise that health
professionals are using a lot in helping others, and themselves to keep things in perspective
- Emerged from CBT
- Training in meditation and in challenging negative thoughts
- Found to reduce depressive relapses depression is a chronic disorder; your chances of
relapse are high. If you’ve been depressed a few times you may be again. When the
episode has reemitted, use tools to stop yourself from going there again.
- Bring attention to the here and now when you’re depressed your attention is not
controlled by yourself. Negative thoughts are in the depressed room. Most of the things
you say to yourself are just things, they are not true. They have very little to do with
reality.
- Stop identification with irrational beliefs example: stop thinking that you must be
perfect or else your parents will be disappointed.
- Can interrupt negative cycles. You will find yourself in situations that are triggers. You
go through the same pattern and series so you recognize that and let it go instead of
getting caught in the big storm.
- Practice acceptance and self-compassion
Client-Centered Therapy
- Problem: incongruence with one’s true self. There is a part of you that is rejected often
and that part is your true self but you don’t want it.
- Therapist: non-directive, genuine, empathic and unconditional. Support for the parts of
you that do need to be supported.
- Method: therapeutic relationship allows further experiencing and greater acceptance of
the self
- Goal: greater congruence and self-realization
Biomedical Treatment changing your physiology and neurotransmitters
- Problem: chemical imbalance/abnormalities in the brain (bipolar, depression, etc.)
- Therapist: medical doctor (family of psychiatrist) will monitor symptoms and adjust
medication
- Method: depression antidepressants, ECT, TMS, jogging (!). Remember: serotonin, and
elevates serotonin levels in the brain.
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