Midterm 3 It's from the new psychology textbook!

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
York University
PSYC 1010
Chapter 3
Consciousness being aware of ourselves and environment
States of Consciousness, sleeping and waking
Cognitive Neuroscience interdisciplinary study of the brain activity (perception, thinking, memory and
Dual Processing information is processed on conscious (explicit) and unconscious (implicit) tracks
Visual Perception Track helps us unconsciously recognize things and to plan future actions
Visual Action Track guides our conscious moment to moment actions
Selective Attention the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Cocktail Party Effect the ability to attend to only one voice among many
Inattentional Blindness not seeing visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere
Change Blindness not noticing changes in the environment
Circadian Rhythm biological clocks
Melatonin sleeping-inducing hormone
REM Sleep Rapid Eye Movement, sleep stage where dreams occur
Awake, Relaxed: alpha wave
Stage 1 sleep
Stage 2 sleep: spindle (burst of activity)
Stage 3 sleep
Stage 4 sleep: delta waves
REM sleep: eye movement phase/dreaming
Alpha Waves slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake stage
Hallucinations false sensory experiences, seeing something that isn’t there
Delta Waves large, slow brain waves occurring in deep sleep
1) Sleep protects
2) Sleep helps us recuperate
3) Sleep is for making new memories
4) Sleep feeds on creative thinking
5) Sleep may play a role in growth process
Insomnia not being able to sleep
Narcolepsy uncontrollable sleep attacks
Sleep Apnea not being able to breathe during your sleep
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Night Terrors being scared and have high arousal
Manifest Content remembering the story line of your dream
Latent Content meaning of your dream
REM Rebound after REM deprivation more REM sleep occur
Lucid Dreaming remembering things from when you’re a child
Hypnosis altered state of consciousness
Posthypnotic Suggestion when the person is no longer hypnotized, the order would still exist
Dissociation allowing thoughts and actions to communicate with others
Psychoactive Drugs a type of drug that changes perceptions and moods
Tolerance taking larger doses of drugs to feel more effect
Withdrawal feeling sick when not taking drugs
Physical Dependence physically need to use a drug
Addiction drug craving and use
Depressants drugs that slow body functions (ie. Alcohol causes brain to shrink)
Disinhibition alcohol is still a drug
Barbiturates - tranquilizers, drugs the reduce anxiety but damages memory
Opiates opium, heroin and morphine, temporary makes pain go away
Amphetamines - speed up body functions and stimulate neural activity
Methamphetamine (Speed) addictive drug that stimulate nervous system
Stimulants drugs like caffeine and cigarettes, to excite your body
Ecstasy (MDMA) hallucinogen and stimulant
Hallucinogens psychedelic; make you hallucinate
Marijuana relaxes the body and makes you high
Chapter 11
Motivation a need or desire to push you to a goal
Motives biological survival methods; social cultural may motivate you
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