Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
York (10,000)
PSYC (1,000)
PSYC 1010 (500)
Midterm

Midterm 4 It's based on the new psychology textbook!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 12 pages of the document.
1
Test 4
Psychometrics Deals with the design, administration, and interpretation tests measurements for
psychological variables
Psychological Tests may give you feedback on intelligence
Use of tests by society for example: I.Q. tests, and aptitude tests
Binet diagnostic tests; identifying different areas of the strengths and weaknesses
Self-fulfilling Prophecy when you know that your child is not doing well so you tend not to teach them
MMPI broad section tests that’s standardized by patients, you derived scores to see whether or not the
patient is truly depressed; tests are being used primarily for the use of the institutions
Aptitude Test certain aptitude tests to pick out what you’re career may be in the future; depending on
your personality and work habits; you can’t fake aptitude tests
Social Desirability tendency to present yourself as a likable person rather than the typical crazy person
Validity Scales try to identify their symptoms whether are exaggerating or they’re lying
L scale -
K scale
Test Re-test testing the validity of the tests, to see how efficient and accurate the test is
Criterion criterion groups= concurrent, predictive
Intelligence it’s whatever intelligence tests measures
Wechsler global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively
with his environment
Academic Aptitude Test is an intelligence test
I.Q. Test predicting intelligence tests
Hebb Intelligence A and B; high lighting the fact that you are unable to measure potential
Intelligience Quotient Binet was given a task of developing a task that would identify that children
needed special help; He said that the function of age has a great deal of intelligence (with age you gain
more knowledge such as reasoning);
Heritability high portions of genetics
Psychology Debates (1) memory war over whether traumatic experiences are repressed and can later be
recovered with therapeutic benefit ; (2) gender war over the extent to which nature and nurture shape our
behaviours as men and women; (3) intelligence war

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2
We refer to I.Q. as a fixed trait, reasoning error is called reification abstract, immaterial concept as if it
were a concrete thing. Reify is to invent a concept, give it a name and to make others believe it.
Intelligence Test method for assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them with those
of others
Intelligence - ability to learn from experience and solve problems
General Intelligence a general intelligence factor that underlies mental abilities and is therefore
measured by every task on an intelligence test
Factor analysis statistical methods that’s used for psychometrics
Thurston’s Seven cluster of mental abilities word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability,
perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning and memory
Savant Syndrome a person who is limited in mental ability but has other skills
Those who are high successful are conscientious, well-connected, and doggedly energetic
Three intelligences Analytical (academic problem-solving) intelligence: intelligence tests, with
problems where there’s only a single right answer; Creative Intelligence: reacting adaptively to novel
situations and generating novel ideas; Practical Intelligence: deals with everyday tasks
Gardner’s Eight Intelligences linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic,
intrapersonal (self), interpersonal (others), and naturalist; eight independent intelligences
Spearman’s general intelligence basic intelligence that predict our abilities in varied academic areas
Sternberg’s Triarchic – three areas that predict real-world success: analytical, creative and practical
Creativity ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Convergent thinking having a single correct answer
Divergent thinking having more than a single correct answer
Expertise well-developed base of knowledge, furnishes the ideas, images and phrases we use as mental
building blocks
Imaginative thinking skills ability to see things in novel ways, to recognize patterns, and to make
connections
A venturesome personality seeking new experiences, tolerates ambiguity and risk and preservers in
overcoming obstacles
Intrinsic motivation - driven by interest, satisfaction and challenge than by external pressures
Creative Environment sparks, supports, and refines creative ideas

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

3
Social Intelligence the know-how involve understanding social situations and managing oneself
successfully
Emotional Intelligence ability to understand, perceive, manage, and use emotions
Binet measuring children’s mental age (measuring the chronological age) example is an 8 year old has
the intelligence of an 8 year old
Terman: Innate IQ revision of Binet’s test is Stanford-Binet
IQ= mental age x 100
chronological age
Eugenics were measurements of human traits and using the result to encourage only smart and fit
people to reproduce
Achievement Tests reflecting what you’ve learned
Aptitude Tests predict your ability to learn new skills
Achievement tests assess current performance and aptitude tests predict future performance
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) most widely used intelligence test, contains verbal and
performances
Principles of Test Construction tests must be standardized, reliable and valid
Standardization meaningful scores by comparison with others performance; should have a bell-shaped
curve which forms a normal curve
Flynn Effect earning IQ scores over 100, generation increase in IQ
Reliability consistency of the test
Validity test to measure what it’s designed to measure
Content Validity should include the things that were covered in the test (ie. Driving license)
Predictive Validity the success of the tests predicts the behaviour that it’s designed to predict
Low Extreme mental retardation, intelligence falling lower than 70; down syndrome physical
disorder- extra copy of chromosome 21
High Extreme ones who score extremely high on intelligence tests
Twin and Adoption Studies twins score the most alike on IQ tests; twins have very similar areas of the
spatial and verbal intelligence; intelligence appears to be polygenetic, meaning many genes seem to be
involved
Adoptive siblings intelligence correlates modestly; over time, adopted children’s intelligence scores
become like their biological parents
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version