PSYC 1010- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)

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Published on 29 Mar 2018
Department
Course
York
PSYC 1010
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Motivation: psychology of wants, and needs
- What do you want
- What drives you
- What is important to you (needs, wants and interests)
- Motives and propel people in different directions
- Involve goal-directed behavior (Social motives vs. biological motives)
o Social motives achievement, affiliations, intimacy powet
o Biological motives: hunger and sex
Drive Theories
Homeostasis: state of physiological equilibrium/stability
Drive: internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should
reduce his tension
- Push people certain directions
Incentive Theories
- External goal with capacity to motivate behavior
- Pull people certain directions
Expectancy-value Models
- Epeta aout oe’s haes of attaiig the ietie
- Value of desired incentive
Evolutionary Theories
- Girls like dominant guys
- Doiat gus a steal eaker gu’s girls
- Guys intimidates guy for sexual access
- Dominant males can access more material resources to increase mating opportunities
MASLOW’S MODEL HISRACHY OF NEEDS
Criticisms:
- Do lower needs have to be fulfilled?
- Is the order universal (one part might be more important)?
- What about autonomy needs? People want a choice, control of their life
- What about power and aggression?
- What about the need to help others?
MOTIVATION
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SOCIAL MOTIVES: achievement, affiliation, intimacy and power
a) Need for Achievement
- Wanting to accomplish goals
- Wanting to succeed
b) Need for Affiliation
- Wanting to be with others
- Wanting to be accepted by others winning friends
c) Intimacy
- Wanting good interpersonal relations
- Wanting warm, close exchange with significant other
d) Need for Power
- Wanting to influence or control others
- Wanting to have an impact
YOU AT YOUR BEST
- People are more fulfilled when they engage in activities where they feel:
o Independent and in control (autonomy)
o Competent and worthy
o Coeted …..
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