Intelligence and psych.test construction A continuation of the theories of intelligence and the requirements of a good psychological test and methods of assessing the quality of tests.
Course CodePSYC 1010
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Feb 3rd, 2011
*There will be a film next week
Continuation from last week’s intelligence testing...
WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale)
*there are sub-tests within the WAIS and each have their own score
*VERBAL: information, comprehension, arithmetic, similarities, digit
Eg.of test items *PERFORMANCE: digit symbol, substitution, picture completion, block
*A more recent approach to Intelligence is the COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE: the
process of intelligence rather than the amount of intelligence. How people USE the
intelligence they have.
*Sternberg theory and the Triarch of Intelligence (see text book for diagram)
*sub theory of the triarch of intelligence is the experiential sub theory: how
the past will influence intelligence and vice versa. How effectively can we
deal with new experiences?
Three facets of intelligence
Analytical-assess the traditional IQ areas, academics
Creative intelligence: Ability to generate new ideas
Practical intelligence: dealing effectively with everyday problems in life.
*Gardner theory of intelligence has 8 types of intelligence as opposed to
Sternberg’s 3 types.
See the textbook for a chart of his categories of intelligence.
*EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE: The ability to perceive and express emotion,
assimilate/incorporate emotion in thought, understand and reason with emotion and
Characteristics of emotional intelligence: impulse control, motivated,
persistent. It is thought that people with high emotional intelligence will do better
when compared to others who are equal in all other aspects.
*TEST CONSTRUCTION(PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS)
The following are criteria that must be met in order to develop a good test:
STANDARDIZATION, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY.
*STANDARDIZATION: A uniform procedure whereby the original test questions are
administered to a large group in order to :
a) produce questions that can discriminate among people(if everyone gets it right
or wrong then not a good question, the question must be able to determine who
possesses certain knowledge)
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