Chpt 8/9 Emotional Intelligence, Test construction

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16 Oct 2011
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Feb 4, 2011
Cognitive Perspective
-focuses on the process of intelligence rather than on the amount of intelligence
Sternbergtriarchic theory
Emotional Intelligence
-Goleman (1990)
-consists of the ability to perceive and express emotion
-to assimilate or incorporate emotion in thought, understand and reason with emotion and regulate
emotion (realize how emotions can influence behavior)
-high emotional intelligence will do better in life than low emotional intelligence
Test Construction
1) Standardization: a uniform procedure whereby the original test questions are administered to a
large group in order to produce questions that can discriminate among people
-in order to provide a set of standards or norms by which to judge what an individual score
means
2) Reliability- refers to where there is a consistency in test score
Types of Reliability
a) Test-retest reliability
b) Test-retest with alternate forms
c) Split-Test Reliability-determine internal reliability, how much reliability is in the test
itself
3) Validity-refers to whether the test is really measuring what it is designed to measure
Types of Validity
a) Content validity
b) Criterion validity-if the scores on the test in question (the test that you are developing & trying
to validate) are related or correlated with another independent measure (the criterion) then the
test has criterion validity
c) Construct Validity-refers to the extent to which there is evidence that the test is measuring the
construct
Cultural Bias
Culture-Fair- a test is culture fair if people from varying cultures have an equal chance of doing well on a
test
*Short answer
Structure of Intelligence
Spearman
1) IQ reflect a general capacity for reasoning
2) IQ is a set of individual abilities and not a general trait
Factor Analysis- statistical procedure
-determines whether questions on a test or a across different tests are related to one another
3) Patel/
Fluid Intelligence vs Crystallized Intelligence- the ability to apply acquired knowledge
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