Study Guides (238,202)
Canada (115,009)
York University (9,812)
Psychology (1,150)
PSYC 1010 (406)

PSYC1010 - Test 4 Review Package

57 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

PSYC 1010 Exam-AID Review Package 4 Tutors: Stephanie Cargnelli | [email protected] Somayya Saleemi| [email protected] 1 York SOS Preface This document was created by the York University chapter of Students Offering Support (York SOS) to accompany our PSYC 1010 Exam-AID session. It is intended for students enrolled in any section of Dr. Jubis 2010/2011 PSYC 1010 course who are looking for an additional resource to assist their studies in preparation for the exam. References Weiten, W., & McCann, D. (2010). Psychology: Themes and variations (2nd Canadian ed.). Toronto, ON: Nelson. Contents Tips for General Midterm Success | page 3 Chapter 14: Human Memory | page 4 Chapter 15: Language and Thought | page 21 Chapter 4: Intelligence and Psychological Testing | page 31 Chapter 13: Motivation and Emotion | page 44 What is Students Offering Support? Students Offering Support is a national network of student volunteers working together to raise funds to raise the quality of education and life for those in developing nations through raising marks of our fellow University students. This is accomplished through our Exam-AID initiative where student volunteers run group review sessions prior to a midterm or final exam for a $20 donation. All of the money raised through SOS Exam-AIDs is funneled directly into sustainable educational projects in developing nations. Not only does SOS fund these projects, but SOS volunteers help build the projects on annual volunteer trips coordinated by each University chapter. 2 York SOS Tips for General Midterm Success Use mnemonics to remember concepts better. An example of a mnemonic would be acronyms. For instance, knowing the word ocean can help you remember the Big Five personality traits: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Do practice multiple choice questions. Doing these practice questions can assess your understanding of what youve learned and can help you identify areas of weakness. Practice multiple choice questions are found in textbooks, on textbook companion websites, and/or provided by your professor. Psychology: Themes and Variations has practice questions in it and on its online companion website ( Read a multiple choice question and try to answer it BEFORE looking at the possible answers. Having an answer in mind before looking at possible answers can reduce the chances of being fooled by wrong answers. Use logic and process of elimination on multiple choice questions. For example, if you know that answer A is wrong, then logically an answer A and B are correct in the same question must also be incorrect. When you dont know the answer, eliminating wrong answers (as opposed to just random guessing) can increase your chances of getting the question right. Practice writing answers to short answer questions. If you know ahead of time what the questions will be on the short answer section, make a list of essential points you want to include in each answer and practice writing the answer on paper. If you dont know what questions will be on the short answer section, you could try scanning the material to identify concepts that have enough content to be a possible short answer question. Again, you can make a list of essential points you want to include in each answer and practice writing the answer on paper. Even if the question you thought of doesnt show up on the short answer section, doing this can help solidify what you learned. Dont spend too much time on a difficult question. It is better to move onto easier questions to ensure getting those marks than to get hung up on a difficult question, especially when time is limited. Get adequate sleep the night before your test. Sleeping at night helps consolidate what you learned during the day into memory so that it is better remembered in future. Not only does staying up late the night before a test destroy your concentration during the test the next day, but your brain has not effectively learned the material. 3 York SOS Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders Abnormal Behaviour: Myths, Realities and Controversies The Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behaviour - old way of thinking: superstition o abnormal people possessed by demons, affiliated with the demon or being punished by God o treatment: chants, rituals, exorcisms, etc. - medical model: useful to conceptualize abnormal behaviour as a disease o dominant way of thinking since 18 and 19 century - early asylum conditions were deplorable, but gradually became more humane - Thomas Szasz is opposed to medical model: o illness only affects body and not the mind o abnormal behaviour is a deviation from social norms and not an illness - regardless of debate, medical model has been effective in treating and studying abnormality - diagnosis: distinguishing one illness from another - etiology: apparent causation and developmental history of an illness - prognosis: forecast about the probable course of an illness Criteria of Abnormal Behaviour - deviance: behaviour deviates from social norms (varies culture to culture) o ex. transvestic festishism: man achieves sexual arousal by dressing in womens clothing - maladaptive behaviour: everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired o usually something that interferes with social or occupational functioning, like substance-use disorders - personal distress: subjective distress o ex. depressed people, who may not emit deviance or maladaptive behaviour - people often viewed as disordered if they are extreme in 1 of the 3 above criterion - therefore: diagnosis hinges on value judgments - abnormal-normal exists on a continuum Stereotypes of Psychological Disorders - psychological disorders are incurable o truth: vast majority of mentally ill improve and lead normal, productive lives (even those with more severe psychological disorders) - people with psychological disorders are often violent and dangerous o truth: most predictive factor of violence is past violence, no consistent evidence that psychological disorder is 4 York SOS
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1010

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.