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Motivation and Emotion Notes x.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Gerry Goldberg
Semester
Winter

Description
Motivation and Emotion  Chapter 13/14 Two­Factor Theory of Emotion: Schechter and Singer  Confederate “Happy” Confederate “Sad” or  “Anxious” Epinephrine More positive mood More negative mood Placebo No change No change • Subjects are given either epinephrine or placebo  • Not informed/ misinformed of the effects • ▯ ut in room with confederate who pretended to be feeling euphoric or anxious  from the same injection • When given epinephrine most interpreted their internal feelings from the  situation­ the confederate’s apparent reaction • NOT so with placebo Two Factor Theory of Emotion  ▯Autonomic arousal  ▯Cognitive interpretation of that arousal  Applications of the two­factor Theory • Ovid • Becker’s finding regarding marijuana use and various psychological situations Veridical Reattribution and Drug “Psychosis”  Drug Culture Drug “Old Culture” Names, explain and talks  Taken by novice ▯ Indicates or asserts. “Drugs  about drug and its effects.  cause mental illness” or  May indicate to novice that  New experience ▯ “Took drugs as a result of  he or she is having a typical  underlying disorder and/or  reaction­ therefore he or she  Errors in action drug precipitated psychotic  is normal. reaction”  • Becker asserts that with a second culture (a drug culture) available, one may be  faced with competing definitions about what is happening within his/her  subjective experience. • According to Becker, for Mechanism for preventing “psychosis” to work: Need 3  conditions; 1. Drug must not cause damage 2. Users must share a set of understandings­ “a culture” 3. Novice should be in a group setting Becker: The Social Basis for the Drug­Induced Experience  Motivation and Emotion  Chapter 13/14 Drug taken by a novice ▯ New experience  ▯Errors in action Errors in action  ▯Drug Culture: Names, expla
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