First, discuss the characteristics of male hypoactive sexual
desire disorder and female sexual interest/arousal disorder.
Second, give and discuss two examples from each of the
probable biological, psychological, and sociocultural causes of
Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder: males who lack
the desire or interest in sexual activity, but if they have
sex, the sexual cycle is normal and they enjoy having
Female sexual interest arousal disorder: females who
lack normal interest in sexual activity and they do not
start sex. If they do have sex they will experience little
excitement and they are not aroused by erotic cues and
experience little genital or non-genital sensation.
1. In both men and women, high levels of prolactin, low level of testosterone, and high or
low levels of estrogen can lead to low sexual drive.
2. High activity of serotonin and dopamine
3. Certain pain medications, psychiatric drugs, illegal drugs and high levels of alcohol
1. General increase in anxiety, depression or anger
2. Having fear, attitudes, and memories such as belief that sex is immoral or dangerous
3. Psychological disorders such as mild depression, OCD
1. Situational pressures: divorce, death of someone, job stress, infertility, having a baby
2. Cultural standards: such as having a culture’s double standard and not being able to have
sex with a women you love, also our culture equates sex with youthfulness and
attractiveness and older women and men might not be able to have sex because they are
no longer young or pretty.
3. Trauma or sexual assault or rape: they are reminded whenever they are having sex of the
Select any three of the following sexual dysfunctions—male
erectile disorder, early ejaculation, female orgasmic disorder,
vaginismus. Define each of them and discuss possible causes of
the dysfunction. Additionally, describe in detail a course of
therapy that would likely be successful for one of the three
dysfunctions you choose. 1.Male erectile disorder:
Define: failing to attain or maintain an erection during sexual activity. Usually these males are
over the age of 50 because the disorder is linked to older adults’diseases.
Therapy: reducing a man’s performance anxiety and increasing his stimulation
• Tease technique: stimulating the male’s penis until he gets an erection and then stopping
touching him until he loses it.
• Viagra: increases blood flow to the penis within an hour.
2. Early ejaculation: reaches orgasm and ejaculates within one minute of beginning sexual
activity and before he wishes to. This difficulty should have been lasted for at least 6 months and
it should cause distress to the person.
• Stop-start or pause procedure: penis is manually stimulated until it gets aroused. Then the
couple stops until the arousal decreases, and the stimulation is resumed. These steps are
done many times until stimulation is carried through to ejaculation. Then the couple start
having intercourse by putting the penis into the vagina but withdrawing it and pausing
when ever he becomes too aroused.After three or 4 months of doing this the intercourse
can be done without any pause.
• Drugs such as SSRIs: serotonin enhancing antidepressant drugs: these drugs reduce
sexual arousal or orgasm
3. Female orgasmic disorder: fail to reach an orgasm, experience orgasm of very low intensity or
having delayed orgasm.
• Masturbation training: women is taught step by step how to masturbate and
eventually reach an orgasm during sexual activi