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Chapter 13.docx

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York University
PSYC 1010
Monica Belcourt

Chapter 13: First, discuss the characteristics of male hypoactive sexual desire disorder and female sexual interest/arousal disorder. Second, give and discuss two examples from each of the probable biological, psychological, and sociocultural causes of these disorders. Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder: males who lack the desire or interest in sexual activity, but if they have sex, the sexual cycle is normal and they enjoy having sex. Female sexual interest arousal disorder: females who lack normal interest in sexual activity and they do not start sex. If they do have sex they will experience little excitement and they are not aroused by erotic cues and experience little genital or non-genital sensation. Biological causes: 1. In both men and women, high levels of prolactin, low level of testosterone, and high or low levels of estrogen can lead to low sexual drive. 2. High activity of serotonin and dopamine 3. Certain pain medications, psychiatric drugs, illegal drugs and high levels of alcohol consumption Psychological causes: 1. General increase in anxiety, depression or anger 2. Having fear, attitudes, and memories such as belief that sex is immoral or dangerous 3. Psychological disorders such as mild depression, OCD Sociocultural causes: 1. Situational pressures: divorce, death of someone, job stress, infertility, having a baby 2. Cultural standards: such as having a culture’s double standard and not being able to have sex with a women you love, also our culture equates sex with youthfulness and attractiveness and older women and men might not be able to have sex because they are no longer young or pretty. 3. Trauma or sexual assault or rape: they are reminded whenever they are having sex of the trauma. Flashbacks. Select any three of the following sexual dysfunctions—male erectile disorder, early ejaculation, female orgasmic disorder, vaginismus. Define each of them and discuss possible causes of the dysfunction. Additionally, describe in detail a course of therapy that would likely be successful for one of the three dysfunctions you choose. 1.Male erectile disorder: Define: failing to attain or maintain an erection during sexual activity. Usually these males are over the age of 50 because the disorder is linked to older adults’diseases. Therapy: reducing a man’s performance anxiety and increasing his stimulation • Tease technique: stimulating the male’s penis until he gets an erection and then stopping touching him until he loses it. • Viagra: increases blood flow to the penis within an hour. 2. Early ejaculation: reaches orgasm and ejaculates within one minute of beginning sexual activity and before he wishes to. This difficulty should have been lasted for at least 6 months and it should cause distress to the person. Therapy: • Stop-start or pause procedure: penis is manually stimulated until it gets aroused. Then the couple stops until the arousal decreases, and the stimulation is resumed. These steps are done many times until stimulation is carried through to ejaculation. Then the couple start having intercourse by putting the penis into the vagina but withdrawing it and pausing when ever he becomes too aroused.After three or 4 months of doing this the intercourse can be done without any pause. • Drugs such as SSRIs: serotonin enhancing antidepressant drugs: these drugs reduce sexual arousal or orgasm 3. Female orgasmic disorder: fail to reach an orgasm, experience orgasm of very low intensity or having delayed orgasm. • Masturbation training: women is taught step by step how to masturbate and eventually reach an orgasm during sexual activi
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