Introduction to Psychology Lecture 20 (PSYCH1010 including short answer answer for Test 4) VITAL!

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25 Mar 2012
PSYCH1010 Lecture 20 3/22/2012 9:04:00 AM
Stress, Coping and Health - Chapter 13
Biopsychosocial Model
Health Psychology- concerned with the causes, treatment and prevention of
Stress- a disruption in psychological and physiological functioning that
occurs when an event is perceived as a threat to our goals and when we
cannot cope with the stressor.
Major Types of Stress
1. Frustration- occurs when the pursuit of some goal is blocked.
2. Conflict
3. Pressure
a. To perform
b. To conform
4. Life Changes- any changes in our living circumstances that require
readjustment, whether these changes are positive or negative.
Is there a relationship between stress and subsequent illness?
Holmes and Rahe
Social Readjustment Rating Scale helps identify people who are at risk for
stress related problems. It continues a list of major life events that require
Life Change Unit (LCU)
300 or more- 80% chance of developing illness
150-300 50% chance
<150 - 30% chance
Daily Hassles
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It seems as though frequent and minor hassles are better predictors of
immediate day-to-day emotional and physical health than major life events.
On the other hand, major life events produce changes in health 1 or 2 years
after the event.
**important info for somatoform short answer question**
Is there a relationship between “ways of reacting to stress” and the
development of “specific illnesses”
Psychosomatic Specificity Hypothesis
Psychosomatic Disorder- refers to physical disorder with a real physiological
basis and are caused in part by psychological factors such as stress.
Somatoform Disorders refers to physical disorder with no real physiological
basis. Psychological treatment and therapy may be useful. (i.e.
Type A Personality leads to coronary heart disease.
It is a syndrome that involves self-imposed stress and intense
reactions to stress.
Extreme competitiveness
Time urgency and patience
Anger and hostility
Tends to be workaholics, have high standards and goals, very
competitive, really ambitious, controlling, a lot of time pressure,
rapid speech, and lack of humour.
It is the ANGER and HOSTILITY aspect that increases risk of
coronary heart disease.
Hostility- moodiness, being suspicious, resentful, very critical, easy
to anger, strong physiological reactions when they’re upset.
Causes of heart disease
1. Drastic fluctuations in physiological activity wears down the
cardiovascular system. (i.e. overworking of sympathetic
nervous system)
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