PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Short Turn, Nootropic

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20 Jul 2016
Department
Course
Psychology:
Motivation Chapter 10. Jan 5 2016
Definition of Motivation:
- What do you want?
- What drives you?
oWhat makes you exert energy toward something?
- What’s really important to you?
oMotives are needs, wants, interests
oMotives propel people in certain directions
oIs it your family? Boyfriend? Friends? Acquiring status?
Model of Motivation:
Input: Motivation: Behaviour:
Lack of Food
Hormones (Physiological need)
Food, sex Go-out to restaurant, visit partner
Isolation (Psychological need) Social contact Call friend
Need for success Good grades Study hard
Fear of failure Good grades Study hard
- the input is a deprivation of something and the motivation is the end result and your behaviour reflects that
- for grades part; one is anxious and afraid and they are afraid to be worthless if they do not succeed (fear of
failure), this one has all their self-esteem invested
othe other one is driven toward a goal, where their self-esteem is not as invested
othey both strive for the same thing
Maslow’s Model:
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- certain biological needs are at the bottom because before they are met, it’s hard to move onto another one,
- the previous needs do not always have to be 100% met, they could be 80% met and they will be able to move
onto another one
Maslow cont.:
- Criticisms:
oDo lower needs have to be fulfilled?
Not always how must the need needs to be fulfilled varies from person to person
oI
s
the order universal?
Might not be, as some people’s needs are different, not all of us will go through the same
hierarchy and have the same emphasis on certain needs
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some needs are more important than other needs to certain people
oWhat about needs for autonomy (autonomy = independence)
If it wasn’t self-chosen than you’ll be much less happy than the person who self-chose
something
oWhat about power and aggression (the model doesn’t include this, but it’s important)
Some people abuse their power,
oWhat about altruism, and the need to help others
Not included, but it should be because it may be important to some people
Social Motives:
- Need for Achievement:
oWanting to accomplish goals; desire to excel
oWanting to succeed and trying hard
- Need for affiliation
oWanting to be with others
oWanting to be accepted by others; winning friends
- Intimacy
oWanting good interpersonal relations
oWanting warm, close exchange with significant other
- Need for power
oWanting to influence or control others
oWanting to have an impact
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