PSYC 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Psychosis, Anxiety Disorder

63 views14 pages
16 Aug 2016
Department
Course
1
Love and Attraction (Ch.13)
Altruism:
Definition: unselfish regard for other’s welfare
Evolutionary roots
Bystander Apathy
Case of Kitty Genovese
oShe got rapped and stabbed but no one helped till the man left then 20min
later
Failure to help is related to the # of people present, going with the crowd &
identification with victim
When will he help?
Interpretation: is there an emergency?
Diffused responsibility: will someone else take care of it?
Self-efficacy: do I know what to do to help?
Cost: will it endanger or embarrass me?
Attraction:
What factors lead to friendship and romance?
Proximity: how close someone lives to you
oFamiliarity breeds fondness
Physical attractiveness:
oImportant influence on first impressions
oHalo effect: “what is beautiful is good”
We want to be with attractive people because it boosts ourselves in
many ways
Similarity:
oFriends & couples more likely to share common attitudes, beliefs, interests
& to be similar in age, race education, intelligence & economic status
Choice of mate:
Social exchange model: exchange of assets
oWhat can you contribute to a relationship and what can you receive from
your partner
Evolutionary model: sex differences in preferences
Love:
Sternberg’s Theory: 3 ingredients
Intimacy
oSharing, communication, support
oLetting the other know you & what’s going on
Passion
oChemistry, arousal, intensity
Commitment
oLong-term plans, dedication to the relationship
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
2
The presence or absence of these ingredients brings 7 flavours of love
Fig 16.6 Sternberg’s triangular theory of love
Effects of physical appearance on person perception:
Halo
What is beautiful is good & competent
oGood-looking people seen as more sociable & well adjusted
oAlso expected to be more successful
Arbitrary
oNo relationships between appearance & better personality
oLooks are not earned they are inherited
The Power of The Situation: Part 1 (Ch. 13)
Social Psychology
Definition
Scientific study of how individuals behave, think & feel in social situations
oHow we are affected by the actual, or implied presence of others
oHow social pressures can exert significant influence on behaviour (eg.
Cults)
Social Roles & Rules
oSocial role:
Defined pattern of behaviour that is expected of a person when
functioning in a given setting
Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment (1973)
Corruption in prisons:
Bad seeds, or bad soil?
Study:
22 subjects screened for psychological maturity & health
Randomly assigned to role of guard or prisoner
oGuards: worked 8hr shifts/ wore uniform, whistle & club
oPrisoner: stayed in mock prison 24hrs/day and wore degrading uniform
After 6 days of roles simulation:
oIndoctrination into roles that could not be attributed to personal
dispositions
oGuards devised cruel routines
oPrisoners broke down
oStudy had to be called off
Extrapolation to prisoner abuse:
oProcess of deindivivuation, devaluation of the prisoner & power
differential
oPrisons are bad soil
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3
Conformity:
Adjusting our behaviour or thinking to bring it in line with some group standard
oSolomon Asch’s experiment (early 50’s)
People can be led to say “black” when they see “white”
o70% agree at least once with the wrong answer
Modern day replication
Factors that promote conformity
oGroup size/ group unanimity/ ambiguity of situation
oIn group pressure
oAlso see “groupthink”
Obedience to Authority
Milgram’s study:
Emerged from a need to understand the Holocaust
Ordinary people, following authority, can become agents of aggression
Conditions for disobedience
oExperimenter left the room or was replaced by an ordinary man
oThe victim as right there in the room
oParticipant worked with peers who refused to go further
The Power of the Situation: Part 2
Milgram
“I was just following orders”
Tendency to obey: contributing factors
oHigh status of authority figure
oBelief authority is responsible for their actions
When you have a high author figure you follow them and listen to
them
oAbsence of clear-cut point to switch to disobedience
Start with small requests (1st voltage 15 volts not bad)
Build up but no point to opt out
oGradual nature of many obedience situations
They wouldn’t stop with the shocking 65% continued all the way to the end
Foot-in-the-door technique
Definition: get people to comply to small requests & you will be more likely to have
them comply to greater requests later
Study in California: (described in class)
Initial agreement to experimental request:
oLawn sign: 17% say yes
When a smaller request is presented first
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 14 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.