Study Guides (248,410)
Canada (121,516)
York University (10,209)
Psychology (1,203)
PSYC 2120 (65)

chapter 7.docx

4 Pages
122 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2120
Professor
Kerry Kawakami
Semester
Winter

Description
Chp-7 Conformity • Conformity- change in behaviour as a result of the real or imagines influence of other ppl • Individualistic culture- be independent, think and stand up for yourself • We maintain the belief that our behaviour is not influenced by others • In the study, participants assessed their intellectual abilities positively- others did too, one student followed the other's opinion • Rather labeling conformity as good or bad, social psychologists question WHY • Ppl conform under pressure, when they are confused, when they don’t have much time, stress levels increase, unhappy, cant think straight, fear of rejection and disapproval • The behaviour of other ppl helps us reach a definition of a situation, by observation and asking questions • Informational social influence- conforming b/c we believe that others' interpretation of an ambiguous ( have diff possible meanings ) situation is more correct than ours and will help us choose an appropriate course of action • Visual illusion- autokinetic effect, where you think the dot is moving by 5-10 cm but It never moved • The responses in ppl differed, some thought light moved from 2.5 cm to 25 cm • It was an ambiguous situation used by Sheriff where the correct definition of the situation would be unclear to the participants • When ppl were paired in groups of 3- their information was diff. they all used each other as a source of information • Private acceptance- ppl conform to the behaviour of others because they genuinely believe that these other ppl are correct • Public compliance- conforming to other ppls behaviour publicly, w/o necessarily believing in what they do or say • Variable that effects informational social influence- how imp is it to the individual to be accurate at the task • When making an imp decision, we are more likely to rely on other ppl for info and guidance • Ppl conform for 3 REASONS 1. When situation is ambiguous - the more uncertain you are, more likely to rely on others 2. When situation is a crisis- ppl fail to behave rationally and panic in distress -Contagion- the rapid transmission of emotions or behaviour through a crowd 1. When other ppl are experts • Scientists, doctors, radio show experts • Mass psychogenic illness- occurrence of similar physical symptoms in a group of people for which there is no known physical or medical cause • They are caused by anxiety over a possible chemical attack • Mass media plays a role in modern mass psychogenic illness cases - newspaper, tv, radio • Reason about whether to conform is imp: it influences how ppl define reality, if u decide to accept others' definition of a situation, u see the world their way, if not, you see it differently. • normative social influence- influence of other ppl that leads us to conform in order to be liked and accepted by them; this type of conformity results in public compliance with the group's beliefs and behaviour but not necessarily private acceptance • Ppl also conform to be liked and accepted by others • Through interactions we receive emotional support, affection and love- social companionship is needed by humans hence- being wanted to be accepted • Social norms- implicit or explicit rules a group has for the acceptable behaviours, values, and belief of its members • Ppl that are perceived as diff can be seen as deviant and might get rejected • "peer ridicule" or self-ridicule= after this ppl conform the greatest to their peers • The Asch line judgment studies- conformity and social approval • Solomon asch states that there is a limit to how much ppl will conform- experiment about line 1,2,3 where line A is the same length as line 2 as judged by the participants. After the 3rd set is presented the answer is line 3 but everyone says line 1 and now u think if you missed something. You go with line 1 instead of 3 because you don’t want to embarrass yourself • Lone dissenter- a person who objects - ppl fear this • In contrast to informational social influence, normative pressures usually result in public compliance without private acceptance- ppl go along with the group even if they do not believe in what they are doing or think Its wrong • If the participants decided to answer alone- fMRI indicated brain a
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2120

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit