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Lecture 1 - TESTS INFO & Philosophical / Psychological Theo..
Lecture 1 - TESTS INFO & Philosophical / Psychological Theories of Motivation

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York University
PSYC 2230
Frank Marchese

- 2 tests o Midterm test = Tuesday May 29 th o Final exam = TBD during exam period o MC and short answers (with choices) o Chapter 5 (photocopy from a separate source) o Not cumulative o 70-80 MC, 10-12 points matching, 5-7 short answers (with a choice) - Grasp theories/concepts, not experimental - Won’t be tested on names/dates - Emotion and motivation are synonymous o When you’re motivational, you’re aroused - SQ3R Method o S = survey o Q = questions o R1 = read o R2 = recite o R3 = review Philosophical / Psychological Theories of Motivation - Synonyms = drive, goal, motivation, incentives, urge, active, desire, fear motives, survival, rewards - Karl Yung = word associations o First thing that comes into mind when presented with the with “motivation” o Said something that is more conventional, socially desirable o Not a typical association to the word motivation (selfishness) o That association is particular to you and your experience - Motivation in the standpoint of “desire” o Desire something, some object, some goal - Desire is the essence of man (Spinoza, 1632-1677) o We act to achieve/fulfill our desire o Desire = motivational o Pursue those goals in activity that fulfill our desire o Philosophical attitude in regards to motivation - Man will risk his biological life to satisfy his non-biological desire (Hegel, 1770-1831) o Non-biological desire = psychology of person (ex: psychological survival) o Biological life = physical aspects of person (ex: survival) - Nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion (Hegel) - You can’t always get what you want/but if you try sometimes you might find you get what you need (Rolling Stones, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, 1969) o If you fulfill your basic needs, but you might not fulfill your basic wants - Passion is what gives our lives meaning. Once you have experienced it, all else is irrelevant (sign outside of lingerie shop) - In the Phaedrus, Plato (428-348 BC) likens reason to a charioteer who tries to control passion. Reason and passion are in continual conflict o We have mind/heart, we have reason/passion (not necessarily compatible) o Reason trie
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