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Midterm #1 Review Includes definitions of key terms, chapter summaries, and article summaries to use as a study guide for this test.

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PSYC 3260
Vinod Goel

Cognitive Psychology 3260 Test 1 Review Chapter 1 KEY TERMS Artificial IntelligenceA branch of computer science concerned with creating computers that mimic human performance on cognitive tasks AssociationA connection or link between two units or elements AttentionCognitive resources mental effort or concentration devoted to cognitive process BehaviourismA school of psychology that seeks to define psychological research in terms of observable measures emphasizing the scientific study of behaviour Betweensubjects designA research paradigm in which different experimental subjects participate in different experimental conditions Brain imagingThe construction of pictures of the anatomy and functioning of intact brains through such techniques as computerized axial tomography CAT or CT positron emission tomography PET magnetic resonance imaging MRI or functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI Clinical InterviewA research paradigm in which an investigator begins by asking participants a series of openended questions but follows up on the responses with specific questions that have been prepared in advance Cognitive NeuropsychologyA school of psychology that investigates the cognitive abilities and deficits of people with damaged or otherwise unusual brain structures Cognitive RevolutionA movement in psychology that culminated after WWII characterized by a belief in the empirical accessibility of mental states and events Cognitive scienceAn interdisciplinary field drawing on research from cognitive psychology computer science philosophy linguistics neuroscience and anthropology the central issues addressed involve the nature of mind and cognition and how information is acquired stored and represented Computer MetaphorThe basis for the informationprocessing view of the brain different types of psychological processes are thought to be analogous to the workings of a computer processor ConnectionismAn approach to cognition emphasizing parallel processing of information through immense networks of interconnected nodes Models developed in the connectionist tradition are sometimes declared to share certain similarities with the way collections of neurons operate in the brain hence some connectionist models are referred to as neural networks Controlled observationA research paradigm in which an observer standardizes the conditions of observation for all participants often introducing specific manipulations and recording responses Ecological approachAn approach to the study of cognition emphasizing the natural contexts or settings in which cognitive activities occur and the influences such settings have in the ways in which cognitive activities are acquired practised and executed
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