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CHAPTER 16.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3280
Professor
Suzanne Mcdonald

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11/30/2013 CHAPTER 16: PLAY Not all species engage in play  A turtle named Pigface in a zoo use to self­mutilate (by clawing at his body), but once his housing area was  introduced to toys, his self­destructive behaviour decreased  Play use to be understudied bc (1) it was filled with anecdotes by pet owners or zoo­keepers, (2) ethologists  tend to study behaviours that serve a function; (3) there is no theoretical underpinning for the reasons of  play  TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF PLAY Object Play Involves the use of inanimate objects like sticks or feathers and the manipulating of the objects (by pushing,  throwing, tearing, etc.) Object play is different than object exploration: exploration is when an animal is discovering what an object  is; play is considered when they are trying to determine what they can do with the object  See slide 12 for examples and function  Locomotor Play Technical name is locomotor­rotational play  Most frequent type of locomotor play is leaping upward (hopping or bouncing)  Read function in slide 12  Locomotor play increases synapses in the cerebellum (helps with movement in animals) – synapses that  might
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