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PSYC 3550 Study Guide - Problem Solving, Che Guevara


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3550
Professor
Igor Kusyszyn

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Imagination can improve with practice; our imaginative skill can be used as a tool for
solving problems
Brief Def of Creativity:
It is novel and useful/significant; creativity is local (modifying a recipe); or Creativity is
universal (Einstein’s theory)
Comprehensive Def of Creativity:
Is a basic human instinct
It is the personality, product and process w/in a domain (field in which it is judged) that is
genetically influenced and w/ optimal environmental influences of home, school community
and culture, gender and chance (right place and right time). Different ppl vary greatly w/
creative talents, which can also be enhanced or suppressed
Three types of creativity
Personal (creating and re-creating your self); Artistic (art, music, theatre) and creative
problem solving (CPS) (inventing soln)
bisociation: an invention that is created by connecting two things together that have never
been connected before
Many tests measure creative potential (ability or aptitude), however they do not really
measure ones creative productivity
Historical and Current Views of Creativity
Vitalism: creativity as a theistic/mystical source
Nativism: origins of creativity from the genes
Empiricism: creativity is learned
Energentism: is both hereditary and environmentally based
Cognition: creativity comes from thought processes
Serendipity: creativity discoveries are accidental

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Romanticism: creativity comes from unanalyzable inspirations; therefore examining its
roots will DESTROY the creativity
Physiology: creativity is rooted in biology
Culture: creativity has a historical zeitgeist
Interpersonal relations or from personality
Overall, there is no right answer, and all viewpts should be respected
We are magical beings - Douglas J Cardinal
Humans are the only organisms which can be creative; the Wright bros were not scientist,
but were creative and created the first flying machine
The reason why many people do not use their creative powers, is bc they fear the look they
will get; fear is what keeps us small
Church and govt’s control our lives and keep us small bc we let them
People are also scared of death and want to deny their death; however being fearless of
death, and realizing that one day you will die, can allow you to realize you should contribute
to your growth and the development of your surroundings
The Accompanier
Friend requires an accompanier, who will love us and understand our life; a parent, teacher
or anyone experienced w/ living
This person is there to pt us in a meaningful path, and give us unconditional +ve regard
E. Paul torrence on creativity
Greatest researcher in creativity; developed 1500 publications
The torrence tests of creativity (most widely used): includes test for both verbal and artistic
creativity
Says creative people dont need to always look like their working; spending time thinking
and sitting is working for them
If we focus on ppls strengths more then their disabilities, then we could be rewarded more
To be a great teacher, you need to self-disclose and share w/ your students
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Being hopeful for your future can drive your motivations
J.P Guilford on creative education
People are taught an authoritative way in the education system
Teaching in a creative education can lead ppl to being tolerant of others; which in turn
would make the world more peaceful and cooperative, therefore creativity is the key to a
proper education and solving all of mankind’s problems
Breaking the four minute mile
Roger Bannister broke a record of running a mile in 4 mins; before that ppl didnt believe it
could be done, but shortly after a lot of other ppl did it as well since they BELIEVED it could
be done
Brainstorming + Rules (Created by Osborn)
Purpose is to generate ideas to solve a problem; rules are as follows:
1. All ideas are accepted as useful
2. Wilds ideas are encouraged; since it leads to originality
3. Quantity over quality
4. Build on other peoples ideas
Free association
Continue to associate a word with something else, until your ideas become more original
Plus/Minus/Interesting (PMI)
To explore a subject you need to explore the +ve, -ve, and interesting part
The purpose is to reduce biased-one sided perceptions to a problem
To prepare for the creative problem solving: stop, breathe, relax and imagine
Creativity in action
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