PSYC 4010 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Lev Vygotsky, Active Child, Personal Unconscious

28 views2 pages
Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 4010
Professor
Theories
Person
Process
Outcome
Dialectical theory
(Vygotsky)
Active agents in
creating their own
development and
learning
“Little apprentice”
Cognitive being
Social being
Cultural and historical
Language-driven
Source: 1) curiosity about words and
questions about every new thing;
language-driven nature; social stimuli,
need to resolve conflict and imbalance; 2)
communication and socialization; 3)
culture internal and external reading
and writing; need to resolve conflict
Path of Change form: qualitative, stages,
distinct, universal
Timeline infancy to adolescence
Principle of Change egocentric speech,
language development thoughts vs.
speech, zone of proximal development,
socially shared cognition, peer tutoring,
self-talk/self-explanations (self-
instructions), stages of conceptual
development
Role of environment secondary (active
person) culture
Developing cognitively through
interactions with others
Higher order mental functions
developed from lower-order ones
Reaching to the potential of zone of
proximal development
Being able to provide sensitive
scaffolding (ability to detect
misunderstandings by their tutees)
True abstract thought
Ability to express thoughts through
speech
Advanced own development learning
Higher order of mental function
Logical abstract thinking
Self-talk/private thought
Humanism/humani
stic approach
(Maslow)
Innately good
Active
Aware and conscious
beings
Positive being
Intentional
Everything is inherent
First part of pyramid
passive (making food
and then later is active)
Childhood: active child
Source: drive to self-actualize, strive for
constant betterment, personal growth, need
to eat, need for shelter
Path of Change stages, universal
(progress and regress non-directional),
qualitative
Timeline continuous
Principle of Change self-actualization,
hierarchy of needs, fulfillment
Role of environment secondary (earlier
years: primary shelter, food, etc.
subjective reality becomes more important
Self-actualization
Self-transcendence
Reaching full potential
Experience an intimacy beyond
one’s self
Harmony
Balanced
B-cognitions
Higher level of perception
Spiritual
External achievement
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Developing cognitively through questions about every new thing; language-driven nature; social stimuli, need to resolve conflict and imbalance; 2) communication and socialization; 3) culture internal and external reading and writing; need to resolve conflict. Path of change form: qualitative, stages, distinct, universal. Principle of change egocentric speech, language development thoughts vs. speech, zone of proximal development, socially shared cognition, peer tutoring, self-talk/self-explanations (self- instructions), stages of conceptual development. Role of environment secondary (active person) culture. Source: drive to self-actualize, strive for constant betterment, personal growth, need to eat, need for shelter. Path of change stages, universal (progress and regress non-directional), qualitative. Principle of change self-actualization, hierarchy of needs, fulfillment. Role of environment secondary (earlier years: primary shelter, food, etc. subjective reality becomes more important interactions with others. Higher order mental functions developed from lower-order ones. Reaching to the potential of zone of proximal development. Being able to provide sensitive scaffolding (ability to detect misunderstandings by their tutees)

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.