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PSYC 4060 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Psychotherapy, Therapeutic Relationship, Carl Jung


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 4060
Professor
Diane Lawless
Study Guide
Midterm

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PSYC 4060
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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Counselling Psychology Lecture One Sept 10
Syllabus
Personal theory paper
o Four-page paper
o Knowledge is tacit rather than declared
o Make your tacit theory of personality and counselling explicit
Looking for three levels of analysis:
o 1. Assumptions about human nature. What you think about human beings? For
example, do you think people have freedom to choose or do you think they are
determined? You can do evolutionary theory
o 2. Talk about your theory of personality. What are your core concepts? For
eaple, hat is Feud’s coe cocepts? the unconscious. If he did not have
that, he would not have a basis for his theory. He also has the id, ego, and
superego, and his psychosexual stages. What do you think is fundamentally
necessary for human beings?
o 3. What do you think is necessary in psychotherapy? How do you think
psychotherapy works? Include how you would characterize a therapeutic
relationship
Film Review
o What are good skills that facilitate discussion?
Ask open ended questions
Asking a viewpoint or opinion
Assume there is no right answer
Develop questions based on what the person says
Chapter One: Introduction
Counselling and psychotherapy
o Counselling is not interested in the causation
o Pschotheap is oe like a foesic iestigatio. What’s goig o? Whee did
this come from? This is the issue, and this is why the person has the issue. This is
the best form of therapy and this will resolve the issue. More in depth
Patient/Client
o Whe to use the te patiet o cliet
o Hospital will use patient because it is a medical setting
o If you have an expert orientation, they will call the people they see patient
Psychotherapy
o Improvement through symbolic methods
o The primary symbolic method that we use is language
o Also, nonverbal language
Psychiatry
o Medications, surgery, electric shock and other somatic procedures
o Go through medical school
o Pschiatists do’t hae the sae eposue to cliical supeisio
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Counselling Psychology Lecture One Sept 10
Comparison of Theories
No theo of pschotheap ualifies eets Popple’s citeia as scietific
Modes of Psychotherapy 4 dimensions
1. Cognition
a. Learning directly by experience and indirectly by symbols
b. You are influenced by what people tell you and what you see
c. We can transcend time. We have an imagination
d. What are you attitudes and beliefs
e. They can be explicit or implicit
2. Behaviour
a. Learning through action
b. E.g., exercise, in vivo (actually doing it) learning, role playing, homework
c. Not the choices you make, how you act them out
3. Affect
a. Emotions or feelings
b. Direct views emotions as epiphenomena, emotions as powerful agents leading
to change, and emotions as evidence of change
4. Physiology
a. Neurological, somatic, or organic causes of behaviour
b. Psychologists are not very interested in this, but they still have to take
assessments if there are physiology reasons that are influencing behaviours. E.g.,
low insulin causes people to feel dizzy and act drunk
Mechanisms of Psychotherapy
Cognitive Factors
o Universalization
People might think they are the only one going through this
When they find out they are not the only one, they feel better
o Insight
They realize there is another way to look at things
o Modeling
When you see somebody else, you might want to model their behaviour
You make a choice in the behaviours you want to model
A lot of people refrain from using drugs because they see the affects it
has o people ad the do’t at to go do that oad
Affective Factors
o Acceptance
Acceptance by others is very important
Acceptace of ouself. Especiall, he thee ae thigs ou do’t like
about yourself that you cannot change
o Altruism
Helping others will make you feel good about yourself
o Transference
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