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SOSC 1000 - Ideology and History (Comprehensive)

6 Pages

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

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Goal of Social Science – Analyze current and past behavior o predict future human behavior. A. Self Sociology C Psychology A B. Culture Political ScienceC Anthropology B C. Society Economics A End of Ideology? 1960 – Daniel Bell – Sociologist Cold war – free world vs. communism  End of Ideology 1990 – Fortune Magazine – Western liberal Democracy  End of Ideology Progressive Conservative – Common Sense legislation  End of Ideology History of Ideology 350 B.C. – Aristotle’s view on Government # of Leaders  One Few Many Good Monarchy Aristocracy Polity Bad Tyranny Oligarchy Democracy Sovereignty  Federal – Many Unitary – 1 Parliamentary Canada * U.K. Presidential USA *2 France * Executive and legislative branch are fused * Based on separation of powers. Obama cannot be part of congress. Difficult for power to group together against the people. Canada U.S.A. U.K. Legislative Parliament Congress Parliament Upper House Senate (VETO) Senate House of Lords Same (Aristocracy) Lower House House of Commons House of House of Commons Representatives Marchole – Ideology and Social Organization Social Reality – What our sense feel evaluated by what our mind already believes as truth. Private vs. Public World – We believe we have our own private hopes and ambitions and tend not to consider ourselves socialized beings, constantly being conditioned. Social Critic – Seek reforms in social organization ideology Social Analyst – seeks “Why people believe what they believe” Ideology Definition (Text) – Shared ideas, perceptions, values and beliefs through which members of society interpret history and social events which shape their expectations. Ideology Definition (Terry Conlin) – An ideology is a fairly coherent and comprehensive set o ideas that explains and evaluates social conditions, and helps people understand their place, and provides a program for social and political action. Dominant Ideology – Most widely shared ideology at any given time Counter Ideology – Ideology held by minority and has impact on social action Ideologies are the foundations for more sophisticated counterparts called “Theories” in which assumptions are demonstrated to be linked to conclusions, different than a faith. Theories are open, debatable, and can be corrected when evidence fails to support them. Political Ideologies Individualist A. Independent thought and action A Contemporary Elitist B. Certain classes deserve favored treatment- entitlement Liberal D B Collectivist C. Control means of production and distribution by public – Gov’t ControClassic Conservative Egalitarian D. All people are equal and deserve equal rights C Conservatism Liberalism Socialism Guide to Tradition Reason Reason Behavior Morality Self Interest Divinity Human Nature Flawed Perfectible “equal” Cooperative Unequal from birth Wanting, competitive and achievement orientated Unit of Analysis Clan, family, nation Individual Community Origin of Society Natural, Artificial/ In organiNatural, organic, organic/connected, egalitarian Hierarchal Value of Change Role of Gov’t P
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