Study Guides (238,105)
Canada (114,924)
York University (9,812)
SOSC 1000 (174)
Terry Conlin (124)

final exam prep

6 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

Please note that the highlighted text is the part where we have to refer the definition to something else in the course, it is not found in lectures or course kits, I wrote it myself and I am not sure how right it is. However, I think there is no right or wrong answer in that part as long as you can explain it. 1. Luddism is one of the biggest resistance of workers who feared that new technology will diminish employment. This movement began in 1811 and finished in 1817. Workers who protested against Industrial Revolution were called Luddites. They feared technology, opposed technical changes, and acted in self-defense by destroying machines. This is not the only movement of workers. Similar resistance of workers was held between 1780 and 1840 where workers protested against child labour and bad working conditions (Childhood by Thompson, Volume 1) which was also seen in Luddism. 2. Race as social construct means that people are socially divided into different categories. According to Augie Fleras, all humans belong to a single biological species called homo sapiens, therefore, race is a social and not biological construct. However, some people argue that race is biologically constructed so, this topic is opened to the debate. Race as social construct can be related to sexuality (Baird, Volume 2) because there are also a lot of debate regarding if sexuality is something that people are born with (medicalization of sexuality) or if it is something that people choose. So, according to those who say that race is a social construct we can say that humans are biologically the same but socially different. 3. Perspective Technology invokes a division of labour where doing something is divided into different steps. Each step is done by worker or group of workers who are isolated from other workers performing different steps. This division of labour can be related to alienation (Rinehart, Volume 1) that were also studied in the course earlier. Perspective technology involves four sources of alienation that includes capitalists, alienation from other workers, self-alienation, and alienation from product. 5. Violent Masculinity is a concept of tough, strong, and powerful- real man introduced by Jackson Katz in the movie Tough Guise. This image of real man is often presented to young men through media where they see that being violent is normal. Because of this wrong characteristics of real man, young people perform violently which in turn increases the levels of violence, murder, and abuse. It can be compared to sex in traditional society that was studied earlier in the course. Traditionally real man was the one who was physically strong, clever, stubborn, and one who can provide for his family (lecture on October 4, 2011). Violence however, was not a characteristic of real man. We can see this transformation of real man even through toys for boys. Katz explains how boys' toys such as soldiers or super heroes are made more masculine than in the past which can also influence violent masculinity of boys in their early years. 6. The 1969 White Paper was a policy paper proposing to join together aboriginal people and Canadian society to create equality within Canada. This document was intended to eliminate the reserve system, to abolish Indian status, and to transfer education, social needs, and health care responsibilities to the provinces. This paper however, was rejected by aboriginals who thought that the reserve system and Indian Act protected their culture. Because its intent was to create an equality, this can be related to discrimination, prejudice, and racism (Fleras, Volume 2) that Canada strive to eliminate in order to create the same equality within Canadians. It could also be related to multiculturalism (Fleras, Volume 2) in Canada. There are Canadians from so many different cultural backgrounds that have the same rights, responsibilities, and statuses as other Canadians but only aboriginal people have different rights, benefits, and even hold different status called Indian (tutorial discussions on February 29, 2012). 7.The Bell Curve- the book written in 1994 by R. Herrnstein and C. Murray about intelligence and levels of IQ in different races. 8. The Medicalization of Homosexuality- refers to homosexuality being treated as it was a sickness. Biologists, doctors, and psychologists look for evidence that shows that homosexuality is something that people are born with. Some of them try to find a cure that could prevent homosexuality. There are many theories and arguments that attempt to prove that homosexuality is a sickness as well as there are many controversies. However, none of these theories, argument or studies really proved that homosexuality is a sickness and that it can be cured. Constant hunt for an answer can lead to people trying to change their babies or considering abortions as it was shown in the movie, The Twilight of the Golds. This could be referred to discrimination (Fleras, Volume 2) also studied in the course because saying that someone is sick because of their sexual orientation is very offensive. So, we can therefore say that some scientists discriminate homosexuals without even realizing it. It can also be linked to race as social construct (Fleras, Volume 2) because there is the same kind of debate where some people think that race is a social construct and some think that that race is biological. 9. The Caregiver role- most of the time mother is the main caregiver for a child and a pulse of domesticity. Her role is not only to care after her children but also maintain all the work around her house. As a housewife, she has to prepare food for her family, clean her house, do the laundry, etc. As a mother, she has to nurture children, feed them, cloth them, and socialize them. Her job as a wife includes providing sexual and psychological needs for her husband. Finally, as being a daughter, she has to care for her elder parents. Husbands' role is to provide for his family and do the physical work around the house (fix something or throw out a garbage). Caregivers are traditionally viewed as consumers not producers because they are financially dependent on their spouses (lecture on January 24, 2012). The caregiver role can be linked to intensive mothering. Intensive mothers are those who concentrate on their children giving them all their love, time, and energy. Intensive mothering requires mothers to self-sacrifice themselves for their children (Hays, Volume 2). The caregiver role can also be linked to family in traditional society. The role of mothers of traditional families includes the same responsibilities as caregiver's role (lecture on October 4, 2011). 10. Sustainable development- refers to meeting our needs today while making sure that we don't damage the environment so that the same needs can be met by the future generations. To put it differently, we improve our standard of living by using the resources but we do it in the way that it does not damage our environment. However, it is often controlled using undemocratic means (Swift, Volume 2). It can be related to technology. We start to produce eco friendly technology such as solar batteries, solar powered cars, energy saving light bulbs, water powered clocks, etc. Such technologies meet our needs and the needs of future generations. 11. Intensive mothering- is giving all the love, time, and energy of a mother to a child, it is around the clock care. Intensive mothers are those who sacrifice themselves for their children, they put their children above all the other responsibilities. As Sheron Hays says intensive mothering is "child-centred, expert guided, labour-intensive, and financially expensive."(pg 14, Volume 2) It can be linked to caregiver role because intensive mother usually also has to perform as housewife (laundry, cooking), mother (nurturing children), wife (meeting sexual and psychological needs of her husband), and daughter (care about her elder parents) (lecture on January 24, 2012). 12. The Death of Birth- basically means the end of birth. ESSAY 4 Darwin's theory  In his The Biotech Century, Rifkin outlines Darwin's theory of evolution, where he explains Darwin's key points. The key points include:  First of all there is a limited resources in the world (pg 123).  Because there is a limit to the resources, organisms hav
More Less

Related notes for SOSC 1000

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.