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Fall Notes- Intro to Social Science.docx

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1000
Professor
Terry Conlin
Semester
Summer

Description
Introduction to Social Science Introduction  2011 census results: 1/5 in foreign nationality in GTA, 72.3% of minorities in Markham, 49.1% in Toronyo  Functional underclass: minorities unable to find middle-class work World Population and the Global Village  Holmberg’s Mistake: limited resources, live on 17% of Earths surface, studied in South America (Siriate)  Roman Empire (-3000AD), Golden Age of India (-0450AD), Mayan Empire (- 0600AD), Rise of Islam (-0890AD), Viking Conquest (1000), Crusades, Mongols in China (1300), Black Plague (-1450), New World (1600), Colonial America (-1790), Industrial Age (-1900), World Wars, Modern Medicine, Information Age  1 billion peoples in 1830 (during Industrial Revolution, 1930: 2 billion, 1975: 4 billion, 2000: 6 billion, 2013: 7.15 billion Social Science: behavior of peoples: Self culture, society (variables)  anthropology, sociology, psychology, economics, politics  Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, democracy begins in Athens  Rule of 1: monarchy, tyranny, Rule of few: aristocracy, oligarchy, Rule of Many: polypeity, democracy Ideology and History Ways of Seeing  “All ideas once dominant become rational” (Gonick)- dominant ideology  post-1945: Keynesian welfare state, bipolar cold war (US vs. Soviet)  Daniel Bell: the end of ideology- by 1960: all issues o Marx, Hobbes Rousseau etc. diffused, free world monopolized ideology  Historical materialism; methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history first articulated by Karl Marx (1818–1883)  Behavioralism : response to historical materialism, concepts recast in Western (Daniel Bell)  Fortune article: 1990- western liberal democracy gas won over ideology  Common sense revolution (1995)  Human: rational, maximization of self Ideology  Presidential (separate branch) vs. Parliamentary (executive, legislative)  Political system: Federal (sovereignty, divided between levels) vs. Unitary (1 government is sovereign)  Canada: provincial government (Queenspark), Federal government (Ottawa), Municipal government (delegated by provincial government)  1867: parlimanetart federalism in Canada  Iroquois Confederacy: Seneca, Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida (MSCOOT)  Canada: Legislative (Parliament), Upper House (Senate), Lower House (House of Commons)  US: Legislative (Congress), Upper House (Senate), Lower House (House of Representatives)  UK: Legislative (Parliament), Upper House (house of Lords), Lower House (House of Commons)  Ideology: Terence all (fairly coherent and comprehensive set of ideas that explains and evaluates social conditions and provides programs for social and political action)  Ideology justifies the exercise of power, explains and passes judgment on historical events, identified political rights and wrong, maps out interconnection between political and other spheres of human activity  Ideology provides a way of seeing to simplify Conservatism Liberalism Socialism Guide to Tradition, divity, Reason, self- reason Behavior morality interest Human Nature Flawed, class, dictated Perfectible, equal, Perfectible, equal, by god (inscription) inquisitive cooperative Unit of Clan, family, nation individual Community, class Analysis Origin of Natural, organic, Artificial, man- Natural, organic, Society hierarchical made, atomistic egalitarian Change Change is bad Natural, inevitable Desirable, conscious action Role of Paternalistic, no bless Promote equality Promote equality Government no bleige of right and of condition opportunity Highest Value Security and order liberty equality Left/Right Ideological Spectrum  Discourse date from French revolution (those who favor revolution- left, favor monarchy-right)  Right: minimal role of government in state (laissez-faire), private ownership, no redistribution of wealth)  Left: state intervention, moderate income distribution  Marchaak: contemporary liberalism (welfare state- dominant ideology in post WWII), counter ideologies  1642: English civil war, 1648: execution of King Charles I of England  Hobbes: modern thinker, liberal ideology origins in Leviathan (Liberalism and capitalism)- people are fundamentally equal + civil society  John Locke: property rights, Smith: Wealth of nations  1776: American revolution, 1789: French revolution  classical liberalism emerges (challenged classical conservatism The Liberal Debate  1642: dominant ideology challenged, classical conservatism underpinned, beginning of welfare state  Classical liberalism: freedom of coercion (government), night-watchmen state (provide defense and protection), citizen abide by rules, white men are citizens, procedural law, equality before law, preoperty rights th  Classical conservatism vs. classical liberalism in 17 century  Contemporary liberalism: freedom from (coercion) and freedom to, government can impede freedom to some benefit of freedom of others, equality of opportunity, government is accountable to citizens, equality under the law  1960: Bill of rights, 1982: charter of rights and freedoms, 1974: Stella Bliss case (denied maternity unemployment insurance)  Section 15 (charter of rights and freedoms- equal before and under the law Conservative Revival  Classical conservatism: agriculture  Neo-conservatism: prominence of capitalism, self-regulating free-market ecnomy  Post-WWII: neo-liberalism ideology  Red Torrie: communist, defender of monarchy Strands of Socialism  2 strings: social democracy (democratic socialism, brought through democratic means- ballot and box), Marxist (dictatorship of proletariat)  Social Gospel: origin in new testament in bible (Jesus is a socialist)  1930 in Regina: named part CCF (cooperative commonwealth federation, leader is James F Woodsworth, social democrat), CCF in 1960 became NDP (Tommy Douglas)  Marx: Historical materialism (feudalism to capitalism to socialism is inevitable), state is instrument of bourgeoisie (factory owners)  Neo-Marxists (state enjoy relative autonomy) Marxist (state instrument of bourgeoisie) Tradition and Modernity Traditional (Hierarchical) society  Basic unit in society is family (extended family), family is the welfare state, needs of family override the needs of the individual, prestige in highly valued (honor), arranged marriages, respect to elders, brides family pays dowry, problems dealt within the family, honor killing (revenge), rules regarding male and female roles (manliness, sexual shame), place in hierarchy is ascribed by birth, closed belief system (tradition, superstition, religion, magic) Modern (mass) Society  Opposes forces to restrict freedom, values ambition, value on ethicacy and achievement, freedom from religion and political constraints, conformists (fear of differences), emphasis on self-improvement, self-indulgence, prestige based on procession The Great Transformation  Bell: development of mass production, development of market, the provision of credit  Creation of common culture, symbol of modernity is care  Polanyi: disembedded self-regulating free market economy (capitalism), economy is disembedded from society, rise of capitalism and decline of
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