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Midterm Exam 2013-2014 (simplified)

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

Social Science 1000 B: Fall 2013 Study Questions Part A 1. Thomas Hobbes - Many of his works including his exploration of the nature of the human condition were based on his interest in political philosophy - Believed that people would compete against each other in a state of nature unless they subject themselves to a common power - Made a lot of contributions to a social science and to philosophy - Started to study human behaviour 2. Immiseration - Making dehumanized workforce, reduction in wages and working conditions - Those people who have jobs usually have to work in bad conditions for very low wages, they are called immiserized - We see immiseration in Westray story where workers experienced bad and unsafe working conditions - Marx thought such reduction in wages are required by the nature or capitalist production 3. Dominant Ideology - Group of common ideas, values and beliefs shared by majority of the people in a society - Important for society because it defines how most of the people view the world in which they live 4. Aggregate Demand - The total demand for goods and services within the economy at a given price level - Significant because using government expenditure to lower high unemployment and high inflation - Focuses to get the economy at a level of full employment 5. Holmberg’s Mistake - Notion that our assumption about Native American life may be incorrect - Can be referred to mythistory as we are not sure about the history of Native Americans 6. Moral Economy - From traditional view  no economy - Important because shows social significance of growing socialism - Bread riots in England  changes between economic and political forces (riots were symptomatic of society caught between changing economic and political forces) - Market economy is demand and supply, if you cheat you can have a free market economy 7. Honour - Concerned with strength or prepotency rather than justice - Honour and dignity of females - Comes from wealth, knowledge and tradition - Essential for every family as it defines one’s position in society 8. New International Division of Labour - People are designated to your tasks and division of levels - Division of labour to different parts  make life easier (example: production of a pen = someone makes the ink, someone makes the cap etc.) faster and more efficient - 3 world countries cheaper and increase in raw materials 9. Westray - Was a coal mine in Nova Scotia were miners killed by explosion - Result of failure to ensure that all health safety regulations were followed - Bill C-45 created as a result to avoid similar disasters 10. Myth - Fictional story that is not defended by actual facts or proofs - Myth is false, history is true - Some people believe in history thinking that it really happened in the past, while other people think of it as a myth 11. Dissenters - Created a new industrial society based on the steam engine - Engineers built a transportation network that could take any amount of traffic you wanted 12. Creative Destruction - Displacement of one process or product by another (Schumpeter) - Destroys old businesses and establishes new ones leads people to continue to buy more and more 13. Marilyn Waring - Feminist economist who took another point of view on economics - Said in our economy unpaid work is being ignored and women suffer from gender inequality - “Glass ceiling” as being barrier for women to executive’s ranks stop women who are smarter than some men to get what they deserve 14. Just In Time Workforce - System that requires an ability to adapt and change products more rapidly than the mass production of homogeneous goods - Brings better productivity which is very important for businesses thus better employee involvement - Could be problem because manufacturer depends on supplier, and supplier demands on manufacturer Part B 1. Outline the content, origins and evolutions of conservative, liberal and socialist ideology Conservatives - Tradition should guide our behaviours + we are bound together - Universal moral code we all
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