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Midterm

SOSC - midterm prep.docx

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1000
Professor
Terry Conlin
Semester
Summer

Description
Part 11 Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes 15881679 contributed to the foundations of social science by identifying what he called a social contract in which all citizens of a state were subject to Spurred by the horrific past in which the government inappropriately abused their power over the people Hobbes intended to create a blueprint for the future with the belief that human inequality was present Hobbes believed that humans originally acted in what he termed a state of nature in which humans fueled by the drive to accumulate were in constant competition with one another He believed that as a response primitive societies subjected themselves to a social contract out of fear of each other enabling us to accumulate freely Thus government began as a response to the peoples interests Hobbes believed we have personal sovereignty the ability to sell our own labor and not be a pawn of the ruling class or government However in 1688 the English revolution created a constitutional monarchy placing individuals values as a primary role of government and limiting government power This new ideology was termed liberalism and Hobbes became one of the first modern thinkers moving away from the idea of natural order that was the backbone of political arrangements and laid the groundwork for modern liberalism The economic system of capitalism can be argued to be largely a response to the innate desire to accumulate wealth2ImmiserationImmiseration is an observed feature of the marginalized people in society the concept originating from Karl Marx and his theory of class struggle Simply meaning to make miserable or impoverish the action has always existed and is usually a result of coercion from the higher classes We have seen immiseration of the natives those affected in the industrial revolution and recently in the Westray coal mine Indians were harvested as slaves taken from their community and forced to harvest gold for Britain Next Thompson exemplifies the industrial revolution as an atrocity especially for children The working conditions and low wage for long hours dehumanizes the workers The children were not only physically beaten in hellish mines they were deprived of parental involvement and most importantly play time Karl Marx believed there was a constant class struggle in life and there will always be immiseration where there is growth Certain instances of history may seem to have a positive progression but it comes at a cost generally for lower classes To better explain this significance we can draw upon the concept of outsourcing labor By paying people outside the union province or country legally lower wages than from inside you are immiserating people Profits are made by the money saved but it comes at the cost of the worker subject to less pay etc
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